Reaction: R-CHOH-R' + NADP+ = R-CO-R' + NADPH + H+
Other name(s): aldehyde reductase 1; prostaglandin 9-ketoreductase; xenobiotic ketone reductase; NADPH2-dependent carbonyl reductase; ALR3; carbonyl reductase; nonspecific NADPH-dependent carbonyl reductase; carbonyl reductase (NADPH2)
Systematic name: secondary-alcohol:NADP+ oxidoreductase
Comments: Acts on a wide range of carbonyl compounds, including quinones, aromatic aldehydes, ketoaldehydes, daunorubicin and prostaglandins E and F, reducing them to the corresponding alcohol. Si--specific with respect to NADPH [cf. EC 18.104.22.168 alcohol dehydrogenase (NADP+)].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 89700-36-7
1. Ahmed, N.K., Felsted, R.L. and Bachur, N.R. Heterogeneity of anthracycline antibiotic carbonyl reductases in mammalian livers. Biochem. Pharmacol. 27 (1978) 2713-2719. [PMID: 31888]
2. Lin, Y.M. and Jarabak, J. Isolation of two proteins with 9-ketoprostaglandin reductase and NADP-linked 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase activities and studies on their inhibition. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 81 (1978) 1227-1234. [PMID: 666816]
3. Wermuth, B. Purification and properties of an NADPH-dependent carbonyl reductase from human brain. Relationship to prostaglandin 9-ketoreductase and xenobiotic ketone reductase. J. Biol. Chem. 256 (1981) 1206-1213. [PMID: 7005231]