Reaction: an alcohol + NADP+ = an aldehyde + NADPH + H+
Other name(s): aldehyde reductase (NADPH2); NADP-alcohol dehydrogenase; NADP+-aldehyde reductase; NADP+-dependent aldehyde reductase; NADPH-aldehyde reductase; NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase; nonspecific succinic semialdehyde reductase; ALR 1; low-Km aldehyde reductase; high-Km aldehyde reductase; alcohol dehydrogenase (NADP)
Systematic name: alcohol:NADP+ oxidoreductase
Comments: A zinc protein. Some members of this group oxidize only primary alcohols; others act also on secondary alcohols. May be identical with EC 18.104.22.168 (L-glucuronate reductase), EC 22.214.171.124 [mevaldate reductase (NADPH)] and EC 126.96.36.199 [lactaldehyde reductase (NADPH)]. Re-specific with respect to NADPH.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9028-12-0
1. Bosron, W.F. and Prairie, R.L. Triphosphopyridine nucleotide-linked aldehyde reductase. I. Purification and properties of the enzyme from pig kidney cortex. J. Biol. Chem. 247 (1972) 4480-4485. [PMID: 4402936]
2. DeMoss, R. Triphosphopyridine nucleotide-specific ethanol dehydrogenase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides. Bacteriol. Proc. (1953) 81.
3. Reeves, R.E., Montalvo, F.E. and Lushbaugh, T.S. Nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase. Enzyme from Entamoeba histolytica and some enzyme inhibitors. Int. J. Biochem. 2 (1971) 55-64.
4. Tabakoff, B. and Erwin, V.G. Purification and characterization of a reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-linked aldehyde reductase from brain. J. Biol. Chem. 245 (1970) 3263-3268. [PMID: 4393513]