IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: laccase

Reaction: 4 benzenediol + O2 = 4 benzosemiquinone + 2 H2O

Other name(s): urishiol oxidase; urushiol oxidase; p-diphenol oxidase

Systematic name: benzenediol:oxygen oxidoreductase

Comments: A group of multi-copper proteins of low specificity acting on both o- and p-quinols, and often acting also on aminophenols and phenylenediamine. The semiquinone may react further either enzymically or non-enzymically.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, UM-BBD, CAS registry number: 80498-15-3


1. Dawson, C.R. and Tarpley, W.B. The copper oxidases. In: Sumner, J.B. and Myrbäck, K. (Eds.), The Enzymes, 1st ed., vol. 2, Academic Press, New York, 1951, p. 454-498.

2. Keilin, D. and Mann, T. Laccase, a blue copper-protein oxidase from the latex of Rhus succedanea. Nature (Lond.) 143 (1939) 23-24.

3. Malmström, B.G., Andréasson, L.-E. and Reinhammar, B. Copper-containing oxidases and superoxide dismutase. In: Boyer, P.D. (Ed.), The Enzymes, 3rd ed., vol. 12, Academic Press, New York, 1975, p. 507-579.

4. Mayer, A.M. and Harel, E. Polyphenol oxidases in plants. Phytochemistry 18 (1979) 193-215.

5. Nakamura, T. Purification and physico-chemical properties of laccase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 30 (1958) 44-52.

6. Nakamura, T. Stoichiometric studies on the action of laccase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 30 (1958) 538-542.

7. Peisach, J. and Levine, W.G. A comparison of the enzymic activities of pig ceruloplasmin and Rhus vernicifera laccase. J. Biol. Chem. 240 (1965) 2284-2289.

8. Reinhammar, B. and Malmström, B.G. "Blue" copper-containing oxidases. In: Spiro, T.G. (Ed.), Copper Proteins, Wiley, New York, 1981, p. 109-149.

[EC created 1961, deleted 1972, reinstated 1978]

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