Reaction: 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + O2 = homogentisate + CO2
For diagram of reaction click here.
Other name(s): p-hydroxyphenylpyruvic hydroxylase; p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate hydroxylase; p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate oxidase; p-hydroxyphenylpyruvic oxidase; p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase; p-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid hydroxylase; 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid dioxygenase
Systematic name: 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate:oxygen oxidoreductase (hydroxylating, decarboxylating)
Comments: The Pseudomonas enzyme contains one Fe3+ per mole of enzyme; the enzymes from other sources may contain essential iron or copper. Formerly EC 18.104.22.168 and EC 22.214.171.124.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, UM-BBD, CAS registry number: 9029-72-5
1. Lindstedt, S. and Rundgren, M. Blue color, metal content, and substrate binding in 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase from Pseudomonas sp. strain P. J. 874. J. Biol. Chem. 257 (1982) 11922-11931. [PMID: 7118918]
2. Roche, P.A., Moorehead, T.J. and Hamilton, G.A. Purification and properties of hog liver 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 216 (1982) 62-73. [PMID: 7103516]