Reaction: (+)-epi-isozizaene + 2 NADPH + 2 H+ + 2 O2 = albaflavenone + 2 NADP+ + 3 H2O (overall reaction)
(1a) (+)-epi-isozizaene + NADPH + H+ + O2 = (5S)-albaflavenol + NADP+ + H2O
(1b) (5S)-albaflavenol + NADPH + H+ + O2 = albaflavenone + NADP+ + 2 H2O
(2a) (+)-epi-isozizaene + NADPH + H+ + O2 = (5R)-albaflavenol + NADP+ + H2O
(2b) (5R)-albaflavenol + NADPH + H+ + O2 = albaflavenone + NADP+ + 2 H2O
For diagram of reaction, click here
Glossary: for epi-isozizaene click here.
Other name(s): CYP170A1
Systematic name: (+)-epi-isozizaene,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (5-hydroxylating)
Comments: This cytochrome-P450 enzyme, from the soil-dwelling bacterium Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), catalyses two sequential allylic oxidation reactions. The substrate epi-isozizaene, which is formed by the action of EC 18.104.22.168, epi-isozizaene synthase, is first oxidized to yield the epimeric intermediates (5R)-albaflavenol and (5S)-albaflavenol, which can be further oxidized to yield the sesquiterpenoid antibiotic albaflavenone.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 1207718-51-1
1. Zhao, B., Lin, X., Lei, L., Lamb, D.C., Kelly, S.L., Waterman, M.R. and Cane, D.E. Biosynthesis of the sesquiterpene antibiotic albaflavenone in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). J. Biol. Chem. 283 (2008) 8183-8189. [PMID: 18234666]