IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 1.14.13.108

Accepted name: abieta-7,13-diene hydroxylase

Reaction: abieta-7,13-diene + NADPH + H+ + O2 = abieta-7,13-dien-18-ol + NADP+ + H2O

For diagram of reaction click here

Glossary: abieta-7,13-diene = (4aS,4bR,10aS)-7-isopropyl-1,1,4a-trimethyl-1,2,3,4,4a,4b,5,6,10,10a-decahydrophenanthrene
abieta-7,13-dien-18-ol = ((1R,4aR,4bR,10aR)-7-isopropyl-1,4a-dimethyl-1,2,3,4,4a,4b,5,6,10,10a-decahydrophenanthren-1-yl)methanol

Other name(s): abietadiene hydroxylase (ambiguous)

Systematic name: abieta-7,13-diene,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (18-hydroxylating)

Comments: A heme-thiolate protein (P-450). This enzyme catalyses a step in the pathway of abietic acid biosynthesis. The activity has been demonstrated in cell-free stem extracts of Abies grandis (grand fir) and Pinus contorta (lodgepole pine). The enzyme is localized in the microsomal fraction and requires both oxygen and NADPH. Inhibition by carbon monoxide and several substituted N-heterocyclic inhibitors suggests that the enzyme is a cytochrome P-450-dependent monooxygenase [1]. Activity is induced by wounding of the plant tissue [2].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:

References:

1. Funk, C. and Croteau, R. Diterpenoid resin acid biosynthesis in conifers: characterization of two cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases and an aldehyde dehydrogenase involved in abietic acid biosynthesis. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 308 (1994) 258-266. [PMID: 8311462]

2. Funk, C., Lewinsohn, E., Vogel, B.S., Steele, C.L. and Croteau, R. Regulation of oleoresinosis in grand fir (Abies grandis) (coordinate induction of monoterpene and diterpene cyclases and two cytochrome P450-dependent diterpenoid hydroxylases by stem wounding). Plant Physiol. 106 (1994) 999-1005. [PMID: 12232380]

[EC 1.14.13.108 created 2009, modified 2012]


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