Reaction: 4-nitrocatechol + NAD(P)H + H+ + O2 = 2-hydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone + nitrite + NAD(P)+ + H2O
For diagram of reaction click here.
Systematic name: 4-nitrocatechol,NAD(P)H:oxygen 4-oxidoreductase (4-hydroxylating, nitrite-forming)
Comments: Contains FAD. The enzyme catalyses the oxidation of 4-nitrocatechol with the concomitant removal of the nitro group as nitrite. Forms a two-component system with a flavoprotein reductase . The enzymes from the bacteria Lysinibacillus sphaericus JS905 and Rhodococcus sp. strain PN1 were shown to also catalyse EC 18.104.22.168, 4-nitrophenol 2-monooxygenase [1,2] while the enzyme from Pseudomonas sp. WBC-3 was shown to also catalyse EC 22.214.171.124, 4-nitrophenol 4-monooxygenase .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, UM-BBD, CAS registry number:
1. Kadiyala, V. and Spain, J.C. A two-component monooxygenase catalyzes both the hydroxylation of p-nitrophenol and the oxidative release of nitrite from 4-nitrocatechol in Bacillus sphaericus JS905. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64 (1998) 2479-2484. [PMID: 9647818]
2. Kitagawa, W., Kimura, N. and Kamagata, Y. A novel p-nitrophenol degradation gene cluster from a gram-positive bacterium, Rhodococcus opacus SAO101. J. Bacteriol. 186 (2004) 4894-4902. [PMID: 15262926]
3. Zhang, J.J., Liu, H., Xiao, Y., Zhang, X.E. and Zhou, N.Y. Identification and characterization of catabolic para-nitrophenol 4-monooxygenase and para-benzoquinone reductase from Pseudomonas sp. strain WBC-3. J. Bacteriol. 191 (2009) 2703-2710. [PMID: 19218392]