Reaction: pyruvate + [dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase] lipoyllysine = [dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase] S-acetyldihydrolipoyllysine + CO2
For diagram of reaction click here.
Glossary: dihydrolipoyl group
Other name(s): MtPDC (mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase complex); pyruvate decarboxylase; pyruvate dehydrogenase; pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide); pyruvate dehydrogenase complex; pyruvate:lipoamide 2-oxidoreductase (decarboxylating and acceptor-acetylating); pyruvic acid dehydrogenase; pyruvic dehydrogenase
Systematic name: pyruvate:[dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase]-lipoyllysine 2-oxidoreductase (decarboxylating, acceptor-acetylating)
Comments: Contains thiamine diphosphate. It is a component (in multiple copies) of the multienzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase complex in which it is bound to a core of molecules of EC 188.8.131.52, dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase, which also binds multiple copies of EC 184.108.40.206, dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase. It does not act on free lipoamide or lipoyllysine, but only on the lipoyllysine residue in EC 220.127.116.11.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9014-20-4
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