IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: aldehyde dehydrogenase (FAD-independent)

Reaction: an aldehyde + H2O + acceptor = a carboxylate + reduced acceptor

Other name(s): aldehyde oxidase; aldehyde oxidoreductase; Mop; AORDd

Systematic name: aldehyde:acceptor oxidoreductase (FAD-independent)

Comments: Belongs to the xanthine oxidase family of enzymes. The enzyme from Desulfovibrio sp. contains a molybdenum-molybdopterin-cytosine dinucleotide (MCD) complex and two types of [2Fe-2S] cluster per monomer, but does not contain FAD.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Uchida, H., Kondo, D., Yamashita, A., Nagaosa, Y., Sakurai, T., Fujii, Y., Fujishiro, K., Aisaka, K. and Uwajima, T. Purification and characterization of an aldehyde oxidase from Pseudomonas sp. KY 4690. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 229 (2003) 31-36. [PMID: 14659539]

2. Duarte, R.O., Archer, M., Dias, J.M., Bursakov, S., Huber, R., Moura, I., Romao, M.J. and Moura, J.J. Biochemical/spectroscopic characterization and preliminary X-ray analysis of a new aldehyde oxidoreductase isolated from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ATCC 27774. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 268 (2000) 745-749. [PMID: 10679276]

3. Andrade, S.L., Brondino, C.D., Feio, M.J., Moura, I. and Moura, J.J. Aldehyde oxidoreductase activity in Desulfovibrio alaskensis NCIMB 13491. EPR assignment of the proximal [2Fe-2S] cluster to the Mo site. Eur. J. Biochem. 267 (2000) 2054-2061. [PMID: 10727945]

4. Romao, M.J., Archer, M., Moura, I., Moura, J.J., LeGall, J., Engh, R., Schneider, M., Hof, P. and Huber, R. Crystal structure of the xanthine oxidase-related aldehyde oxido-reductase from D. gigas. Science 270 (1995) 1170-1176. [PMID: 7502041]

[EC created 2004]

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