Reaction: precorrin-2 + NAD+ = sirohydrochlorin + NADH + H+
For diagram click here.
Other name(s): Met8p; SirC; CysG
Systematic name: precorrin-2:NAD+ oxidoreductase
Comments: This enzyme catalyses the second of three steps leading to the formation of siroheme from uroporphyrinogen III. The first step involves the donation of two S-adenosyl-L-methionine-derived methyl groups to carbons 2 and 7 of uroporphyrinogen III to form precorrin-2 (EC 220.127.116.11, uroporphyrin-III C-methyltransferase) and the third step involves the chelation of ferrous iron to sirohydrochlorin to form siroheme (EC 18.104.22.168, sirohydrochlorin ferrochelatase). In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the last two steps are carried out by a single bifunctional enzyme, Met8p. In some bacteria, steps 1-3 are catalysed by a single multifunctional protein called CysG, whereas in Bacillus megaterium, three separate enzymes carry out each of the steps, with SirC being responsible for the above reaction.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 227184-47-6
1. Schubert, H.L., Raux, E., Brindley, A.A., Leech, H.K., Wilson, K.S., Hill, C.P. and Warren, M.J. The structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Met8p, a bifunctional dehydrogenase and ferrochelatase. EMBO J. 21 (2002) 2068-2075. [PMID: 11980703]
2. Warren, M.J., Raux, E., Schubert, H.L. and Escalante-Semerena, J.C. The biosynthesis of adenosylcobalamin (vitamin B12). Nat. Prod. Rep. 19 (2002) 390-412. [PMID: 12195810]