Reaction: (S)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate + NAD(P)+ + 2 H2O = L-glutamate + NAD(P)H + H+
For diagram of reaction, click here
Other name(s): Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase; 1-pyrroline dehydrogenase; pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase; pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid dehydrogenase; L-pyrroline-5-carboxylate-NAD+ oxidoreductase; 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate:NAD+ oxidoreductase; Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid dehydrogenase
Systematic name: (S)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate:NAD+ oxidoreductase
Comments: This enzyme can oxidize a number of 1-pyrrolines, e.g. 3-hydroxy-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate is converted into 4-hydroxyglutamate and (R)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate is converted into D-glutamate. While NAD+ appears to be the better electron acceptor, NADP+ can also act, but more slowly [1,3]. In many organisms, ranging from bacteria to mammals, proline is oxidized to glutamate in a two-step process involving this enzyme and EC 126.96.36.199, proline dehydrogenase . In many bacterial species, both activities are carried out by a single bifunctional enzyme [3,4].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9054-82-4
1. Adams, E. and Goldstone, A. Hydroxyproline metabolism. IV. Enzymatic synthesis of γ-hydroxyglutamate from Δ1-pyrroline-3-hydroxy-5-carboxylate. J. Biol. Chem. 235 (1960) 3504-3512. [PMID: 13681370]
2. Strecker, H.J. The interconversion of glutamic acid and proline. III. Δ1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid dehydrogenase. J. Biol. Chem. 235 (1960) 3218-3223.
3. Forlani, G., Scainelli, D. and Nielsen, E. Δ1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase from cultured cells of potato (purification and properties). Plant Physiol. 113 (1997) 1413-1418. [PMID: 12223682]
4. Brown, E.D. and Wood, J.M. Redesigned purification yields a fully functional PutA protein dimer from Escherichia coli. J. Biol. Chem. 267 (1992) 13086-13092. [PMID: 1618807]
5. Inagaki, E., Ohshima, N., Sakamoto, K., Babayeva, N.D., Kato, H., Yokoyama, S. and Tahirov, T.H. New insights into the binding mode of coenzymes: structure of Thermus thermophilus Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase complexed with NADP+. Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F Struct. Biol. Cryst. Commun. 63:462 (2007). [PMID: 17554163]