IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: nitroalkane oxidase

Reaction: a nitroalkane + H2O + O2 = an aldehyde or ketone + nitrite + H2O2

Other name(s): nitroethane oxidase; NAO; nitroethane:oxygen oxidoreductase

Systematic name: nitroalkane:oxygen oxidoreductase

Comments: Has an absolute requirement for FAD [4]. While nitroethane may be the physiological substrate [2], the enzyme also acts on several other nitroalkanes, including 1-nitropropane, 2-nitropropane, 1-nitrobutane, 1-nitropentane, 1-nitrohexane, nitrocyclohexane and some nitroalkanols [4]. Differs from EC, nitronate monooxygenase, in that the preferred substrates are neutral nitroalkanes rather than anionic nitronates [4].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9029-36-1, 65802-82-6


1. Little, H.N. Oxidation of nitroethane by extracts from Neurospora. J. Biol. Chem. 193 (1951) 347-358. [PMID: 14907722]

2. Kido, T., Hashizume, K. and Soda, K. Purification and properties of nitroalkane oxidase from Fusarium oxysporum. J. Bacteriol. 133 (1978) 53-58. [PMID: 22538]

3. Daubner, S.C., Gadda, G., Valley, M.P. and Fitzpatrick, P.F. Cloning of nitroalkane oxidase from Fusarium oxysporum identifies a new member of the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase superfamily. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99 (2002) 2702-2707. [PMID: 11867731]

4. Fitzpatrick, P.F., Orville, A.M., Nagpal, A. and Valley, M.P. Nitroalkane oxidase, a carbanion-forming flavoprotein homologous to acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 433 (2005) 157-165. [PMID: 15581574]

5. Valley, M.P., Tichy, S.E. and Fitzpatrick, P.F. Establishing the kinetic competency of the cationic imine intermediate in nitroalkane oxidase. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127 (2005) 2062-2066. [PMID: 15713081]

[EC created 1961, modified 2006, modified 2009]

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