IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: 5-hydroxyfuranocoumarin 5-O-methyltransferase

Reaction: (1) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 5-hydroxyfurocoumarin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 5- methoxyfurocoumarin (general reaction)
(2) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + bergaptol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + bergapten

For diagram click here.

Glossary: bergaptol = 5-hydroxypsoralen
O-methylbergaptol = bergapten = 5-methoxypsoralen

Other name(s): furanocoumarin 5-methyltransferase; furanocoumarin 5-O-methyltransferase; bergaptol 5-O-methyltransferase; bergaptol O-methyltransferase; bergaptol methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:bergaptol O-methyltransferase; BMT; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:5-hydroxyfuranocoumarin 5-O-methyltransferase

Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:5-hydroxyfurocoumarin 5-O-methyltransferase

Comments: Converts bergaptol into bergapten, which has therapeutic potential in the treatment of psoriasis as it has photosensitizing and antiproliferative activities [4]. The enzyme methylates the 5-hydroxy group of some hydroxy- and methylcoumarins, such as 5-hydroxyxanthotoxin [3], but has little activity on non-coumarin phenols [1]. Caffeate, 5-hydroxyferulate and daphnetin are not substrates [4]. Cu2+, Zn2+ and Co2+ cause enzyme inhibition [4]. (see also EC, 8-hydroxyfuranocoumarin 8-O-methyltransferase)

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 67339-12-2, 101637-31-4


1. Thompson, H.J., Sharma, S.K. and Brown, S.A. O-Methyltransferases of furanocoumarin biosynthesis. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 188 (1978) 272-281. [PMID: 28084]

2. Sharma, S.K., Garrett, J.M. and Brown, S.A. Separation of the S-adenosylmethionine: 5- and 8-hydroxyfuranocoumarin O-methyltransferases of Ruta graveolens L. by general ligand affinity chromatography. Z. Naturforsch. [C] 34C (1979) 387-391. [PMID: 156999]

3. Hauffe, K.D., Hahlbrock, K. and Scheel, D. Elicitor-stimulated furanocoumarin biosynthesis in cultured parsley cells - S-adenosyl-L-methionine-bergaptol and S-adenosyl-L-methionine-xanthotoxol O-methyltransferases. Z. Naturforsch. C: Biosci. 41 (1986) 228-239.

4. Hehmann, M., Lukacin, R., Ekiert, H. and Matern, U. Furanocoumarin biosynthesis in Ammi majus L. Cloning of bergaptol O-methyltransferase. Eur. J. Biochem. 271 (2004) 932-940. [PMID: 15009205]

[EC created 1984 (EC created 1989, incorporated 2006), modified 2006]

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