Reaction: 4,8,12-trimethyltridecanoyl-CoA + propanoyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxopristanoyl-CoA
For reaction pathway click here.
Other name(s): 3-oxopristanoyl-CoA hydrolase; 3-oxopristanoyl-CoA thiolase; peroxisome sterol carrier protein thiolase; sterol carrier protein; oxopristanoyl-CoA thiolase; peroxisomal 3-oxoacyl coenzyme A thiolase; SCPx
Systematic name: 4,8,12-trimethyltridecanoyl-CoA:propanoyl-CoA C2-4,8,12-trimethyltridecanoyltransferase
Comments: The peroxisomal protein sterol carrier protein X (SCPx) combines this thiolase activity with its carrier function, and is involved in branched chain fatty acid β-oxidation in peroxisomes. It also acts on 3-oxopalmitoyl-CoA as a substrate but differs from EC 22.214.171.124 (acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase), which has little activity towards the 3-oxoacyl-CoA esters of 2-methyl-branched chain fatty acids such as 3-oxopristanoyl-CoA.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Seedorf, U., Brysch, P., Engel, T., Schrage, K. and Assmann, G. Sterol carrier protein X is peroxisomal 3-oxoacyl coenzyme A thiolase with intrinsic sterol carrier and lipid transfer activity. J. Biol. Chem. 269 (1994) 21277-21283. [PMID: 8063752]
2. Wanders, R.J.A., Denis, S., Wouters, F., Wirtz, K.W.A. and Seedorf, U. Sterol carrier protein X (SCPx) is a peroxisomal branched-chain β-ketothiolase specifically reacting with 3-oxo-pristanoyl-CoA: a new, unique role for SCPx in branched-chain fatty acid metabolism in peroxisomes. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 236 (1997) 565-569. [PMID: 9245689]