Reaction: 3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholanoyl-CoA + propanoyl-CoA = CoA + 3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-24-oxo-5β-cholestanoyl-CoA
For diagram click here.
Other name(s): peroxisomal thiolase 2; sterol carrier protein-χ; SCPχ; PTE-2 (ambiguous)
Systematic name: 3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholanoyl-CoA:propanoyl-CoA C-acyltransferase
Comments: Also acts on dihydroxy-5β-cholestanoyl-CoA and other branched chain acyl-CoA derivatives. The enzyme catalyses the penultimate step in the formation of bile acids. The bile acid moiety is transferred from the acyl-CoA thioester (RCO-SCoA) to either glycine or taurine (NH2R') by EC 18.104.22.168, bile acid-CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferase .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:
1. Pedersen, J.I. and Gustafsson, J. Conversion of 3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholestanoic acid into cholic acid by rat liver peroxisomes. FEBS Lett. 121 (1980) 345-348. [PMID: 7461136]
2. Kase, F., Björkhem, I. and Pedersen, J.I. Formation of cholic acid from 3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholestanoic acid by rat liver peroxisomes. J. Lipid Res. 24 (1983) 1560-1567. [PMID: 6668450]
3. Russell, D.W. The enzymes, regulation, and genetics of bile acid synthesis. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 72 (2003) 137-174. [PMID: 12543708]
4. Falany, C.N., Johnson, M.R., Barnes, S. and Diasio, R.B. Glycine and taurine conjugation of bile acids by a single enzyme. Molecular cloning and expression of human liver bile acid CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferase. J. Biol. Chem. 269 (1994) 19375-19379. [PMID: 8034703]