IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: mycothiol synthase

Reaction: desacetylmycothiol + acetyl-CoA = CoA + mycothiol

For diagram of reaction click here

Glossary: desacetylmycothiol = 1-O-[2-(L-cysteinamido)-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranosyl]-1D-myo-inositol
mycothiol = 1-O-[2-(N2-acetyl-L-cysteinamido)-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranosyl]-1D-myo-inositol

Other name(s): MshD

Systematic name: acetyl-CoA:desacetylmycothiol O-acetyltransferase

Comments: This enzyme catalyses the last step in the biosynthesis of mycothiol, the major thiol in most actinomycetes, including Mycobacterium [1]. The enzyme is a member of a large family of GCN5-related N-acetyltransferases (GNATs) [2]. The enzyme has been purified from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. Acetyl-CoA is the preferred CoA thioester but propionyl-CoA is also a substrate [3].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Spies, H.S. and Steenkamp, D.J. Thiols of intracellular pathogens. Identification of ovothiol A in Leishmania donovani and structural analysis of a novel thiol from Mycobacterium bovis. Eur. J. Biochem. 224 (1994) 203-213. [PMID: 8076641]

2. Koledin, T., Newton, G.L. and Fahey, R.C. Identification of the mycothiol synthase gene (mshD) encoding the acetyltransferase producing mycothiol in actinomycetes. Arch. Microbiol. 178 (2002) 331-337. [PMID: 12375100]

3. Vetting, M.W., Roderick, S.L., Yu, M. and Blanchard, J.S. Crystal structure of mycothiol synthase (Rv0819) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis shows structural homology to the GNAT family of N-acetyltransferases. Protein Sci. 12 (2003) 1954-1959. [PMID: 12930994]

[EC created 2010]

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