IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: N6-L-threonylcarbamoyladenine synthase

Reaction: L-threonylcarbamoyladenylate + adenine37 in tRNA = AMP + N6-L-threonylcarbamoyladenine37 in tRNA

For diagram of reaction click here.

Glossary: N6-L-threonylcarbamoyladenine37 = t6A37

Other name(s): t6A synthase; Kae1; ygjD (gene name); Qri7

Systematic name: L-threonylcarbamoyladenylate:adenine37 in tRNA N6-L-threonylcarbamoyltransferase

Comments: The enzyme is involved in the synthesis of N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine37 in tRNAs, which is found in tRNAs with the anticodon NNU, i.e. tRNAIle, tRNAThr, tRNAAsn, tRNALys, tRNASer and tRNAArg [3].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Lauhon, C.T. Mechanism of N6-threonylcarbamoyladenonsine (t6A) biosynthesis: isolation and characterization of the intermediate threonylcarbamoyl-AMP. Biochemistry 51 (2012) 8950-8963. [PMID: 23072323]

2. Deutsch, C., El Yacoubi, B., de Crecy-Lagard, V. and Iwata-Reuyl, D. Biosynthesis of threonylcarbamoyl adenosine (t6A), a universal tRNA nucleoside. J. Biol. Chem. 287 (2012) 13666-13673. [PMID: 22378793]

3. Perrochia, L., Crozat, E., Hecker, A., Zhang, W., Bareille, J., Collinet, B., van Tilbeurgh, H., Forterre, P. and Basta, T. In vitro biosynthesis of a universal t6A tRNA modification in Archaea and Eukarya. Nucleic Acids Res. 41 (2013) 1953-1964. [PMID: 23258706]

4. Wan, L.C.K., Mao, D.Y.L., Neculai, D., Strecker, J., Chiovitti, D., Kurinov, I., Poda, G., Thevakumaran, N., Yuan, F., Szilard, R.K., Lissina, E., Nislow, C., Caudy, A.A., Durocher, D. and Sicheri, F. Reconstitution and characterization of eukaryotic N6-threonylcarbamoylation of tRNA using a minimal enzyme system. Nucleic Acids Res. 41 (2013) 6332-6346. [PMID: 23620299]

[EC created 2014 as EC, transferred 2014 to EC]

Return to EC 2.3.1 home page
Return to EC 2.3 home page
Return to EC 2 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page