Reaction: [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n + phosphate = [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n-1 + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate
For diagram of reaction click here.
Other name(s): muscle phosphorylase a and b; amylophosphorylase; polyphosphorylase; amylopectin phosphorylase; glucan phosphorylase; α-glucan phosphorylase; 1,4-α-glucan phosphorylase; glucosan phosphorylase; granulose phosphorylase; maltodextrin phosphorylase; muscle phosphorylase; myophosphorylase; potato phosphorylase; starch phosphorylase; 1,4-α-D-glucan:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase; phosphorylase (ambiguous)
Systematic name: (1→4)-α-D-glucan:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
Comments: This entry covers several enzymes from different sources that act in vivo on different forms of (1→4)-α-D-glucans. The accepted name should be modified for each specific instance by substituting "glycogen" with the name of the natural substrate, e.g. maltodextrin phosphorylase, starch phosphorylase, etc.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, PDB, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 9035-74-9
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