IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: lactosylceramide 1,3-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyltransferase

Reaction: UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = UDP + N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide

For diagram of reaction click here.

Glossary: lactosylceramide = β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
lactotriosylceramide = N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide

Other name(s): LA2 synthase; β1→3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-lactosylceramide β-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; lactosylceramide β-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:D-galactosyl-1,4-β-D-glucosylceramide β-1,3-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl(1↔1)ceramide 3-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase

Systematic name: UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide 3-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 83682-80-8


1. Gottfries, J., Percy, A.K., Månsson, J.-E., Fredman, P., Wilkstrand, C.J., Friedman, H.S., Bigner, D.D. and Svennerholm, L. Glycolipids and glycosyltransferases in permanent cell lines established from human medulloblastomas. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1081 (1991) 253-261. [PMID: 1825612]

2. Holmes, E.H., Hakomori, S. and Ostrander, G.K. Synthesis of type 1 and 2 lacto series glycolipid antigens in human colonic adenocarcinoma and derived cell lines is due to activation of a normally unexpressed β1--3N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase. J. Biol. Chem. 262 (1987) 15649-15658. [PMID: 2960671]

3. Percy, A.K., Gottfries, J., Vilbergsson, G., Månsson, J.E. and Svennerholm, J. Glycosphingolipid glycosyltransferases in human fetal brain. J. Neurochem. 56 (1991) 1461-1465. [PMID: 1901591]

[EC created 1992]

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