Reaction: N-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)-anthranilate + diphosphate = anthranilate + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
For diagram click here.
Other name(s): phosphoribosyl-anthranilate pyrophosphorylase; PRT; anthranilate 5-phosphoribosylpyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase; anthranilate phosphoribosylpyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase; phosphoribosylanthranilate pyrophosphorylase; phosphoribosylanthranilate transferase; anthranilate-PP-ribose-P phosphoribosyltransferase
Systematic name: N-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)-anthranilate:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase
Comments: In some organisms, this enzyme is part of a multifunctional protein together with one or more other components of the system for biosynthesis of tryptophan [EC 18.104.22.168 (indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase), EC 22.214.171.124 (anthranilate synthase), EC 126.96.36.199 (tryptophan synthase) and EC 188.8.131.52 (phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase)].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9059-35-2
1. Creighton, T.E. and Yanofsky, C. Chorismate to tryptophan (Escherichia coli) - Anthranilate synthetase, PR transferase, PRA isomerase, InGP synthetase, tryptophan synthetase. Methods Enzymol. 17A (1970) 365-380.
2. Hütter, R., Niederberger, P. and DeMoss, J.A. Tryptophan synthetic genes in eukaryotic microorganisms. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 40 (1986) 55-77.
3. Ito, J. and Yanofsky, C. Anthranilate synthetase, an enzyme specified by the tryptophan operon of Escherichia coli: Comparative studies on the complex and the subunits. J. Bacteriol. 97 (1969) 734-742.
4. Wegman, J. and DeMoss, J.A. The enzymatic conversion of anthranilate to indolylglycerol phosphate in Neurospora crassa. J. Biol. Chem. 240 (1965) 3781-3788. [PMID: 5842052]