Reaction: guanine15 in tRNA + 7-cyano-7-carbaguanine = 7-cyano-7-carbaguanine15 in tRNA + guanine
Glossary: 7-cyano-7-carbaguanine = preQ0 = 7-cyano-7-deazaguanine
archaeosine = G* = 7-amidino-7-deazaguanosine
Other name(s): tRNA transglycosylase (ambiguous); transfer ribonucleate glycosyltransferase (ambiguous); tRNA guanine15 transglycosidase; TGT (ambiguous); transfer ribonucleic acid guanine15 transglycosylase
Systematic name: tRNA-guanine15:7-cyano-7-carbaguanine tRNA-D-ribosyltransferase
Comments: Archaeal tRNAs contain the modified nucleoside archaeosine at position 15. This archaeal enzyme catalyses the exchange of guanine at position 15 of tRNA with the base preQ0, which is ultimately modified to form the nucleoside archaeosine (cf. EC 22.214.171.124) .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Bai, Y., Fox, D.T., Lacy, J.A., Van Lanen, S.G. and Iwata-Reuyl, D. Hypermodification of tRNA in thermophilic archaea. Cloning, overexpression, and characterization of tRNA-guanine transglycosylase from Methanococcus jannaschii. J. Biol. Chem. 275 (2000) 28731-28738. [PMID: 10862614]