IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 2.4.99.1

Accepted name: β-galactoside α-2,6-sialyltransferase

Reaction: CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine = CMP + α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→6)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine

Systematic name: CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine α-2,6-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase

Comments: The terminal β-D-galactosyl residue of the oligosaccharide of glycoproteins, as well as lactose, can act as acceptor.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 9075-81-4

References:

1. Bartholomew, B.A., Jourdian, G.W. and Roseman, S. The sialic acids. XV. Transfer of sialic acid to glycoproteins by a sialyltransferase from colostrum. J. Biol. Chem. 248 (1973) 5751-5762. [PMID: 4723915]

2. Hickman, J., Ashwell, G., Morell, A.G., van der Hamer, C.J.A. and Scheinberg, I.H.Physical and chemical studies on ceruloplasmin. 8. Preparation of N-acetylneuraminic acid-1-14C-labeled ceruloplasmin. J. Biol. Chem. 245 (1970) 759-766. [PMID: 4313609]

3. Paulson, J.C., Beranek, W.E. and Hill, R.L. Purification of a sialyltransferase from bovine colostrum by affinity chromatography on CDP-agarose. J. Biol. Chem. 252 (1977) 2356-2362. [PMID: 849932]

4. Schachter, H., Narasimhan, S., Gleeson, P. and Vella, G. Glycosyltransferases involved in elongation of N-glycosidically linked oligosaccharides of the complex or N-acetyllactosamine type. Methods Enzymol. 98 (1983) 98-134. [PMID: 6366476]

5. Spiro, M.H. and Spiro, R.G. Glycoprotein biosynthesis: studies on thyroglobulin. Thyroid sialyltransferase. J. Biol. Chem. 243 (1968) 6520-6528. [PMID: 5726897]

[EC 2.4.99.1 created 1972, modified 1976, modified 1986]


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