IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 2.4.99.2

Accepted name: monosialoganglioside sialyltransferase

Reaction: CMP-N-acetyl-β-neuraminate + a β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-[α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)]-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = CMP + an N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-[α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)]-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide

For diagram of reaction click here.

Glossary: a β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-[α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)]-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = gangloside GM1a
an N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-[α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)]-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = gangloside GD1a

Other name(s): CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(N-acetylneuraminyl)-D-galactosyl-D-glucosylceramide N-acetylneuraminyltransferase; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(N-acetylneuraminyl)-D-galactosyl-D-glucosyl(1↔1)ceramide N-acetylneuraminyltransferase

Systematic name: CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:a β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-[α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)]-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide N-acetyl-β-neuraminyltransferase

Comments: May be identical with EC 2.4.99.4 β-galactoside α-2,3-sialyltransferase.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 60202-12-2

References:

1. Rearick, J.I., Sadler, J.E., Paulson, J.C. and Hill, R.L. Enzymatic characterization of β D-galactoside α2[arrow right]3 sialyltransferase from porcine submaxillary gland. J. Biol. Chem. 254 (1979) 4444-4451. [PMID: 438198]

2. Yip, M.C.M. The enzymic synthesis of disialoganglioside: rat brain cytidine-5'-monophospho-N-acetylneuraminic acid: monosialoganglioside (GM1) sialyltransferase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 306 (1973) 298-306. [PMID: 4351506]

[EC 2.4.99.2 created 1976, modified 1986]


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