Reaction: ATP + riboflavin = ADP + FMN
For diagram of reaction click here.
Other name(s): flavokinase; FK; RFK
Systematic name: ATP:riboflavin 5'-phosphotransferase
Comments: The cofactors FMN and FAD participate in numerous processes in all organisms, including mitochondrial electron transport, photosynthesis, fatty-acid oxidation, and metabolism of vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and folates . While monofunctional riboflavin kinase is found in eukaryotes, some bacteria have a bifunctional enzyme that exhibits both this activity and that of EC 188.8.131.52, FMN adenylyltransferase . A divalent metal cation is required for activity (with different species preferring Mg2+, Mn2+ or Zn2+). In Bacillus subtilis, ATP can be replaced by other phosphate donors but with decreasing enzyme activity in the order ATP > dATP > CTP > UTP .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9032-82-0
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