IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: β-adrenergic-receptor kinase

Reaction: ATP + [β-adrenergic receptor] = ADP + phospho-[β-adrenergic receptor]

Other name(s): ATP:β-adrenergic-receptor phosphotransferase; [β-adrenergic-receptor] kinase; β-adrenergic receptor-specific kinase; β-AR kinase; β-ARK; β-ARK 1; β-ARK 2; β-receptor kinase; GRK2; GRK3; β-adrenergic-receptor kinase (phosphorylating); β2ARK; βARK1; β-adrenoceptor kinase; β-adrenoceptor kinase 1; β-adrenoceptor kinase 2; ADRBK1; BARK1; adrenergic receptor kinase; STK15

Systematic name: ATP:[β-adrenergic receptor] phosphotransferase

Comments: Requires G-protein for activation and therefore belongs to the family of G-protein-dependent receptor kinases (GRKs). Acts on the agonist-occupied form of the receptor; also phosphorylates rhodopsin, but more slowly. Does not act on casein or histones. The enzyme is inhibited by Zn2+ and digitonin but is unaffected by cyclic-AMP (cf. EC, rhodopsin kinase and EC, G-protein-coupled receptor kinase).

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 102925-39-3


1. Benovic, J.L., Mayor, F., Jr., Staniszewski, C., Lefkowitz, R.J. and Caron, M.G. Purification and characterization of the β-adrenergic receptor kinase. J. Biol. Chem. 262 (1987) 9026-9032. [PMID: 87250541]

2. Kim, C.M., Dion, S.B., Onorato, J.J. and Benovic, J.L. Expression and characterization of two β-adrenergic receptor kinase isoforms using the baculovirus expression system. Receptor 3 (1993) 39-55. [PMID: 8394172]

3. Laugwitz, K.L., Kronsbein, K., Schmitt, M., Hoffmann, K., Seyfarth, M., Schomig, A. and Ungerer, M. Characterization and inhibition of β-adrenergic receptor kinase in intact myocytes. Cardiovasc. Res. 35 (1997) 324-333. [PMID: 9349395]

4. Ferguson, S.S., Menard, L., Barak, L.S., Koch, W.J., Colapietro, A.M. and Caron, M.G. Role of phosphorylation in agonist-promoted β2-adrenergic receptor sequestration. Rescue of a sequestration-defective mutant receptor by βARK1. J. Biol. Chem. 270 (1995) 24782-24789. [PMID: 7559596]

5. Willets, J.M., Challiss, R.A. and Nahorski, S.R. Non-visual GRKs: are we seeing the whole picture? Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 24 (2003) 626-633. [PMID: 14654303]

[EC created 1989 as EC, transferred 2005 to EC]

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