IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: acetate kinase

Reaction: ATP + acetate = ADP + acetyl phosphate

Other name(s): acetokinase; AckA; AK; acetic kinase; acetate kinase (phosphorylating)

Systematic name: ATP:acetate phosphotransferase

Comments: Requires Mg2+ for activity. While purified enzyme from Escherichia coli is specific for acetate [4], others have found that the enzyme can also use propanoate as a substrate, but more slowly [7]. Acetate can be converted into the key metabolic intermediate acetyl-CoA by coupling acetate kinase with EC, phosphate acetyltransferase. Both this enzyme and EC, propionate kinase, play important roles in the production of propanoate [9].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, GTD, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9027-42-3


1. Romain, Y., Demassieux, S. and Carriere, S. Partial purification and characterization of two isoenzymes involved in the sulfurylation of catecholamines. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 106 (1982) 999-1005. [PMID: 6956338]

2. Romano, A.H. and Nickerson, W.J. Cystine reductase of pea seeds and yeasts. J. Biol. Chem. 208 (1954) 409-416. [PMID: 13174550]

3. Stern, J.R. and Ochoa, S. Enzymatic synthesis of citric acid. I. Synthesis with soluble enzymes. J. Biol. Chem. 191 (1951) 161-172. [PMID: 14850456]

4. Fox, D.K. and Roseman, S. Isolation and characterization of homogeneous acetate kinase from Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli. J. Biol. Chem. 261 (1986) 13487-13497. [PMID: 3020034]

5. Knorr, R., Ehrmann, M.A. and Vogel, R.F. Cloning, expression, and characterization of acetate kinase from Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis. Microbiol. Res. 156 (2001) 267-277. [PMID: 11716215]

6. Buss, K.A., Cooper, D.R., Ingram-Smith, C., Ferry, J.G., Sanders, D.A. and Hasson, M.S. Urkinase: structure of acetate kinase, a member of the ASKHA superfamily of phosphotransferases. J. Bacteriol. 183 (2001) 680-686. [PMID: 11133963]

7. Ingram-Smith, C., Gorrell, A., Lawrence, S.H., Iyer, P., Smith, K. and Ferry, J.G. Characterization of the acetate binding pocket in the Methanosarcina thermophila acetate kinase. J. Bacteriol. 187 (2005) 2386-2394. [PMID: 15774882]

8. Gorrell, A., Lawrence, S.H. and Ferry, J.G. Structural and kinetic analyses of arginine residues in the active site of the acetate kinase from Methanosarcina thermophila. J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2005) 10731-10742. [PMID: 15647264]

9. Heßlinger, C., Fairhurst, S.A. and Sawers, G. Novel keto acid formate-lyase and propionate kinase enzymes are components of an anaerobic pathway in Escherichia coli that degrades L-threonine to propionate. Mol. Microbiol. 27 (1998) 477-492. [PMID: 9484901]

[EC created 1961, modified 2005]

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