IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: L-threonylcarbamoyladenylate synthase

Reaction: L-threonine + ATP + HCO3- = L-threonylcarbamoyladenylate + diphosphate + H2O

For diagram of reaction click here.

Other name(s): yrdC (gene name); Sua5; ywlC (gene name)

Systematic name: ATP:L-threonyl,HCO3- adenylyltransferase

Comments: The enzyme is involved in the synthesis of N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine37 in tRNAs, which is found in tRNAs with the anticodon NNU, i.e. tRNAIle, tRNAThr, tRNAAsn, tRNALys, tRNASer and tRNAArg [6].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:


1. El Yacoubi, B., Lyons, B., Cruz, Y., Reddy, R., Nordin, B., Agnelli, F., Williamson, J.R., Schimmel, P., Swairjo, M.A. and de Crecy-Lagard, V. The universal YrdC/Sua5 family is required for the formation of threonylcarbamoyladenosine in tRNA. Nucleic Acids Res. 37 (2009) 2894-2909. [PMID: 19287007]

2. Harris, K.A., Jones, V., Bilbille, Y., Swairjo, M.A. and Agris, P.F. YrdC exhibits properties expected of a subunit for a tRNA threonylcarbamoyl transferase. RNA 17 (2011) 1678-1687. [PMID: 21775474]

3. Kuratani, M., Kasai, T., Akasaka, R., Higashijima, K., Terada, T., Kigawa, T., Shinkai, A., Bessho, Y. and Yokoyama, S. Crystal structure of Sulfolobus tokodaii Sua5 complexed with L-threonine and AMPPNP. Proteins 79 (2011) 2065-2075. [PMID: 21538543]

4. Lauhon, C.T. Mechanism of N6-threonylcarbamoyladenonsine (t6A) biosynthesis: isolation and characterization of the intermediate threonylcarbamoyl-AMP. Biochemistry 51 (2012) 8950-8963. [PMID: 23072323]

5. Deutsch, C., El Yacoubi, B., de Crecy-Lagard, V. and Iwata-Reuyl, D. Biosynthesis of threonylcarbamoyl adenosine (t6A), a universal tRNA nucleoside. J. Biol. Chem. 287 (2012) 13666-13673. [PMID: 22378793]

6. Perrochia, L., Crozat, E., Hecker, A., Zhang, W., Bareille, J., Collinet, B., van Tilbeurgh, H., Forterre, P. and Basta, T. In vitro biosynthesis of a universal t6A tRNA modification in Archaea and Eukarya. Nucleic Acids Res. 41 (2013) 1953-1964. [PMID: 23258706]

7. Wan, L.C.K., Mao, D.Y.L., Neculai, D., Strecker, J., Chiovitti, D., Kurinov, I., Poda, G., Thevakumaran, N., Yuan, F., Szilard, R.K., Lissina, E., Nislow, C., Caudy, A.A., Durocher, D. and Sicheri, F. Reconstitution and characterization of eukaryotic N6-threonylcarbamoylation of tRNA using a minimal enzyme system. Nucleic Acids Res. (2013) . [PMID: 23620299]

[EC created 2013]

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