IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: polyneuridine-aldehyde esterase

Reaction: polyneuridine aldehyde + H2O = 16-epivellosimine + CO2 + methanol

For diagram click here.

Other name(s): polyneuridine aldehyde esterase

Systematic name: polyneuridine aldehyde hydrolase (decarboxylating)

Comments: Following hydrolysis of this indole alkaloid ester the carboxylic acid decarboxylates spontaneously giving the sarpagan skeleton. The enzyme also acts on akuammidine aldehyde (the 16-epimer of polyneuridine aldehyde).

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 87041-55-2


1. Pfitzner, A. and Stöckigt, J. Characterization of polyneuridine aldehyde esterase, a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of sarpagine ajmaline type alkaloids. Planta Medica 48 (1983) 221-227.

2. Pfitzner, A. and Stöckigt, J. Polyneuridine aldehyde esterase: an unusual specific enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of sarpagine type alkaloids. J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. (1983) 459-460.

3. Dogru, E., Warzecha, H., Seibel, F., Haebel, S., Lottspeich, F. and Stöckigt, J. The gene encoding polyneuridine aldehyde esterase of monoterpenoid indole alkaloid biosynthesis in plants is an ortholog of the α/βhydrolase super family. Eur. J. Biochem. 267 (2000) 1397-1406. [PMID: 10691977]

4. Mattern-Dogru, E., Ma, X., Hartmann, J., Decker, H. and Stöckigt, J. Potential active-site residues in polyneuridine aldehyde esterase, a central enzyme of indole alkaloid biosynthesis, by modelling and site-directed mutagenesis. Eur. J. Biochem. 269 (2002) 2889-2896. [PMID: 12071952]

[EC created 2002]

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