Reaction: choloyl-CoA + H2O = cholate + CoA
For diagram click here.
Other name(s): PTE-2 (ambiguous); choloyl-coenzyme A thioesterase; chenodeoxycholoyl-coenzyme A thioesterase; peroxisomal acyl-CoA thioesterase 2
Systematic name: choloyl-CoA hydrolase
Comments: Also acts on chenodeoxycholoyl-CoA and to a lesser extent on short- and medium- to long-chain acyl-CoAs, and other substrates, including trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA, hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA and branched chain acyl-CoAs, all of which are present in peroxisomes. The enzyme is strongly inhibited by CoA and may be involved in controlling CoA levels in the peroxisome .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Hunt, M.C., Solaas, K., Kase, B.F. and Alexson, S.E. Characterization of an acyl-coA thioesterase that functions as a major regulator of peroxisomal lipid metabolism. J. Biol. Chem. 277 (2002) 1128-1138. [PMID: 11673457]
2. Solaas, K., Sletta, R.J., Soreide, O. and Kase, B.F. Presence of choloyl- and chenodeoxycholoyl-coenzyme A thioesterase activity in human liver. Scand. J. Clin. Lab. Invest. 60 (2000) 91-102. [PMID: 10817395]
3. Russell, D.W. The enzymes, regulation, and genetics of bile acid synthesis. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 72 (2003) 137-174. [PMID: 12543708]