IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 3.1.4.14

Accepted name: [acyl-carrier-protein] phosphodiesterase

Reaction: holo-[acyl-carrier protein] + H2O = 4'-phosphopantetheine + apo-[acyl-carrier protein]

Other name(s): ACP hydrolyase; ACP phosphodiesterase; AcpH; [acyl-carrier-protein] 4'-pantetheine-phosphohydrolase

Systematic name: holo-[acyl-carrier protein] 4'-pantetheine-phosphohydrolase

Comments: The enzyme cleaves acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] species with acyl chains of 6-16 carbon atoms although it appears to demonstrate a preference for the unacylated acyl-carrier-protein (ACP) and short-chain ACPs over the medium- and long-chain species [3]. Deletion of the gene encoding this enzyme abolishes ACP prosthetic-group turnover in vivo [3]. Activation of apo-ACP to form the holoenzyme is carried out by EC 2.7.8.7, holo-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 37288-21-4

References:

1. Sobhy, C. Regulation of fatty acid synthetase activity. The 4'-phosphopantetheine hydrolase of rat liver. J. Biol. Chem. 254 (1979) 8561-8566. [PMID: 224058]

2. Vagelos, P.R. and Larrabee, A.R. Acyl carrier protein. IX. Acyl carrier protein hydrolase. J. Biol. Chem. 242 (1967) 1776-1781. [PMID: 4290442]

3. Thomas, J. and Cronan, J.E. The enigmatic acyl carrier protein phosphodiesterase of Escherichia coli: genetic and enzymological characterization. J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2005) 34675-34683. [PMID: 16107329]

[EC 3.1.4.14 created 1972, modified 2006]


Return to EC 3.1.4 home page
Return to EC 3.1 home page
Return to EC 3 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page