Reaction: diisopropyl fluorophosphate + H2O = diisopropyl phosphate + fluoride
Other name(s): DFPase; tabunase; somanase; organophosphorus acid anhydrolase; organophosphate acid anhydrase; OPA anhydrase; diisopropylphosphofluoridase; dialkylfluorophosphatase; diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate hydrolase; isopropylphosphorofluoridase; diisopropylfluorophosphonate dehalogenase
Systematic name: diisopropyl-fluorophosphate fluorohydrolase
Comments: Acts on phosphorus anhydride bonds (such as phosphorus-halide and phosphorus-cyanide) in organophosphorus compounds (including 'nerve gases'). Inhibited by chelating agents; requires divalent cations. Related to EC 18.104.22.168 aryldialkylphosphatase. Previously listed as EC 22.214.171.124.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9032-18-2
1. Augustinsson, K.-B. and Heimburger, G. Enzymatic hydrolysis of organophosphorus compounds. I. Occurrence of enzymes hydrolysing dimethyl-amido-ethoxy-phosphoryl cyanide (Tabun). Acta Chem. Scand. 8 (1954) 753-761.
2. Augustinsson, K.-B. and Heimburger, G. Enzymatic hydrolysis of organophosphorus compounds. II. Analysis of reaction products in experiments with Tabun and some properties of blood plasma tabunase. Acta Chem. Scand. 8 (1954) 762-767.
3. Augustinsson, K.-B. and Heimburger, G. Enzymatic hydrolysis of organophosphorus compounds. IV. Specificity studies. Acta Chem. Scand. 8 (1954) 1533-1541.
4. Cohen, J.A. and Warringa, M.G.P.J. Purification and properties of dialkylfluorophosphatase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 26 (1957) 29-39.
5. Mounter, L.A. Enzymic hydrolysis of organophosphorus compounds. In: Boyer, P.D., Lardy, H. and Myrbäck, K. (Eds.), The Enzymes, 2nd edn., vol. 4, Academic Press, New York, 1960, pp. 541-550.
6. Reiner, E., Aldridge, W.N. and Hoskin, C.G. (Eds.) Enzymes Hydrolysing Organophosphorus Compounds, Ellis Horwood Ltd., Chichester, UK, 1989.