IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: α-D-xyloside xylohydrolase

Reaction: Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing α-D-xylose residues with release of α-D-xylose.

Other name(s): α-xylosidase

Systematic name: α-D-xyloside xylohydrolase

Comments: The enzyme catalyses hydrolysis of a terminal, unsubstituted xyloside at the extreme reducing end of a xylogluco-oligosaccharide. Representative α-xylosidases from glycoside hydrolase family 31 utilize a two-step (double-displacement) mechanism involving a covalent glycosyl-enzyme intermediate, and retain the anomeric configuration of the product.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Moracci, M., Cobucci Ponzano, B., Trincone, A., Fusco, S., De Rosa, M., van Der Oost, J., Sensen, C.W., Charlebois, R.L. and Rossi, M. Identification and molecular characterization of the first α -xylosidase from an archaeon. J. Biol. Chem. 275 (2000) 22082-22089. [PMID: 10801892]

2. Sampedro, J., Sieiro, C., Revilla, G., Gonzalez-Villa, T. and Zarra, I. Cloning and expression pattern of a gene encoding an α-xylosidase active against xyloglucan oligosaccharides from Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 126 (2001) 910-920. [PMID: 11402218]

3. Crombie, H.J., Chengappa, S., Jarman, C., Sidebottom, C. and Reid, J.S. Molecular characterisation of a xyloglucan oligosaccharide-acting α-D-xylosidase from nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus L.) cotyledons that resembles plant 'apoplastic' α-D-glucosidases. Planta 214 (2002) 406-413. [PMID: 11859845]

4. Lovering, A.L., Lee, S.S., Kim, Y.W., Withers, S.G. and Strynadka, N.C. Mechanistic and structural analysis of a family 31 α-glycosidase and its glycosyl-enzyme intermediate. J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2005) 2105-2115. [PMID: 15501829]

5. Iglesias, N., Abelenda, J.A., Rodino, M., Sampedro, J., Revilla, G. and Zarra, I. Apoplastic glycosidases active against xyloglucan oligosaccharides of Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol. 47 (2006) 55-63. [PMID: 16267099]

6. Okuyama, M., Kaneko, A., Mori, H., Chiba, S. and Kimura, A. Structural elements to convert Escherichia coli α-xylosidase (YicI) into α-glucosidase. FEBS Lett. 580 (2006) 2707-2711. [PMID: 16631751]

7. Larsbrink, J., Izumi, A., Ibatullin, F., Nakhai, A., Gilbert, H.J., Davies, G.J. and Brumer, H. Structural and enzymatic characterisation of a glycoside hydrolase family 31 α-xylosidase from Cellvibrio japonicus involved in xyloglucan saccharification. Biochem. J. 436 (2011) 567-580. [PMID: 21426303]

[EC created 2011]

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