Reaction: Specifically hydrolyzes mismatched double-stranded DNA and polynucleotides, releasing free uracil
Other name(s): Mug; double-strand uracil-DNA glycosylase; Dug; dsUDG; double-stranded DNA specific UDG; dsDNA specific UDG; UdgB (ambiguous); G:T/U mismatch-specific DNA glycosylase; UDG (ambiguous)
Systematic name: uracil-double-stranded DNA deoxyribohydrolase (uracil-releasing)
Comments: No activity on DNA containing a T/G mispair or single-stranded DNA containing either a site-specific uracil or 3,N4-ethenocytosine residue , significant role for double-stranded uracil-DNA glycosylase in mutation avoidance in non-dividing E. coli . Uracil-DNA glycosylases are widespread enzymes that are found in all living organisms. Uracil-DNA glycosylase (EC 22.214.171.124) and EC 126.96.36.199 form a central part of the DNA-repair machinery since they initiate the DNA base-excision repair pathway by hydrolysing the N-glycosidic bond between uracil and the deoxyribose sugar thereby catalysing the removal of mis-incorporated uracil from DNA.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:
1. Barrett, T.E., Scharer, O.D., Savva, R., Brown, T., Jiricny, J., Verdine, G.L. and Pearl, L.H. Crystal structure of a thwarted mismatch glycosylase DNA repair complex. EMBO J. 18 (1999) 6599-6609. [PMID: 10581234]
2. Sung, J.S. and Mosbaugh, D.W. Escherichia coli double-strand uracil-DNA glycosylase: involvement in uracil-mediated DNA base excision repair and stimulation of activity by endonuclease IV. Biochemistry 39 (2000) 10224-10235. [PMID: 10956012]
3. Mokkapati, S.K., Fernandez de Henestrosa, A.R. and Bhagwat, A.S. Escherichia coli DNA glycosylase Mug: a growth-regulated enzyme required for mutation avoidance in stationary-phase cells. Mol. Microbiol. 41 (2001) 1101-1111. [PMID: 11555290]