IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 3.4.22.64

Accepted name: caspase-11

Reaction: Strict requirement for Asp at the P1 position and has a preferred cleavage sequence of (Ile/Leu/Val/Phe)-Gly-His-Asp

Other name(s): CASP-11

Comments: This murine enzyme is part of the family of inflammatory caspases, which also includes caspase-1 (EC 3.4.22.36), caspase-4 (EC 3.4.22.57) and caspase-5 (EC 3.4.22.58) in humans and caspase-12, caspase-13 and caspase-14 in mice. Contains a caspase-recruitment domain (CARD) in its N-terminal prodomain, which plays a role in procaspase activation. Like caspase-5, but unlike caspase-4, this enzyme can be induced by lipopolysaccharide [1]. This enzyme not only activates caspase-1, which is required for the maturation of proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-18, but it also activates caspase-3 (EC 3.4.22.56), which leads to cellular apoptosis under pathological conditions [1,2]. Belongs in peptidase family C14.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MEROPS, Metacyc, CAS registry number:

References:

1. Kang, S.J., Wang, S., Hara, H., Peterson, E.P., Namura, S., Amin-Hanjani, S., Huang, Z., Srinivasan, A., Tomaselli, K.J., Thornberry, N.A., Moskowitz, M.A. and Yuan, J. Dual role of caspase-11 in mediating activation of caspase-1 and caspase-3 under pathological conditions. J. Cell. Biol. 149 (2000) 613-622. [PMID: 10791975]

2. Hur, J., Kim, S.Y., Kim, H., Cha, S., Lee, M.S. and Suk, K. Induction of caspase-11 by inflammatory stimuli in rat astrocytes: lipopolysaccharide induction through p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. FEBS Lett. 507 (2001) 157-162. [PMID: 11684090]

3. Wang, S., Miura, M., Jung, Y.K., Zhu, H., Li, E. and Yuan, J. Murine caspase-11, an ICE-interacting protease, is essential for the activation of ICE. Cell 92 (1998) 501-509. [PMID: 9491891]

4. Endo, M., Mori, M., Akira, S. and Gotoh, T. C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) is crucial for the induction of caspase-11 and the pathogenesis of lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation. J. Immunol. 176 (2006) 6245-6253. [PMID: 16670335]

5. Chang, H.Y. and Yang, X. Proteases for cell suicide: functions and regulation of caspases. Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 64 (2000) 821-846. [PMID: 11104820]

[EC 3.4.22.64 created 2006]


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