IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 4.1.2.42

Accepted name: D-threonine aldolase

Reaction: (1) D-threonine = glycine + acetaldehyde
(2) D-allothreonine = glycine + acetaldehyde

Glossary: D-threonine = (2R,3S)-2-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid
D-allothreonine = (2R,3R)-2-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid

Other name(s): D-TA; DTA; low specificity D-TA; low specificity D-threonine aldolase

Systematic name: D-threonine acetaldehyde-lyase (glycine-forming)

Comments: A pyridoxal-phosphate protein that is activated by divalent metal cations (e.g. Co2+, Ni2+, Mn2+ or Mg2+) [1,2]. The reaction is reversible, which can lead to the interconversion of D-threonine and D-allothreonine [1]. Several other D-β-hydroxy-α-amino acids, such as D-β-phenylserine, D-β-hydroxy-α-aminovaleric acid and D-β-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine, can also act as substrate [1].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:

References:

1. Kataoka, M., Ikemi, M., Morikawa, T., Miyoshi, T., Nishi, K., Wada, M., Yamada, H. and Shimizu, S. Isolation and characterization of D-threonine aldolase, a pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme from Arthrobacter sp. DK-38. Eur. J. Biochem. 248 (1997) 385-393. [PMID: 9346293]

2. Liu, J.Q., Dairi, T., Itoh, N., Kataoka, M., Shimizu, S. and Yamada, H. A novel metal-activated pyridoxal enzyme with a unique primary structure, low specificity D-threonine aldolase from Arthrobacter sp. Strain DK-38. Molecular cloning and cofactor characterization. J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 16678-16685. [PMID: 9642221]

3. Liu, J.Q., Odani, M., Dairi, T., Itoh, N., Shimizu, S. and Yamada, H. A new route to L-threo-3-[4-(methylthio)phenylserine], a key intermediate for the synthesis of antibiotics: recombinant low-specificity D-threonine aldolase-catalyzed stereospecific resolution. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 51 (1999) 586-591. [PMID: 10390816]

4. Liu, J.Q., Odani, M., Yasuoka, T., Dairi, T., Itoh, N., Kataoka, M., Shimizu, S. and Yamada, H. Gene cloning and overproduction of low-specificity D-threonine aldolase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans and its application for production of a key intermediate for parkinsonism drug. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 54 (2000) 44-51. [PMID: 10952004]

5. Liu, J.Q., Dairi, T., Itoh, N., Kataoka, M., Shimizu, S. and Yamada, H. Diversity of microbial threonine aldolases and their application. J. Mol. Catal. B 10 (2000) 107-115.

6. Paiardini, A., Contestabile, R., D'Aguanno, S., Pascarella, S. and Bossa, F. Threonine aldolase and alanine racemase: novel examples of convergent evolution in the superfamily of vitamin B6-dependent enzymes. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1647 (2003) 214-219. [PMID: 12686135]

[EC 4.1.2.42 created 2007]


Return to EC 4.1.2 home page
Return to EC 4.3 home page
Return to EC 4 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page