Reaction: chorismate = 4-hydroxybenzoate + pyruvate
For diagram of reaction click here.
Other name(s): CL; CPL; UbiC
Systematic name: chorismate pyruvate-lyase (4-hydroxybenzoate-forming)
Comments: This enzyme catalyses the first step in the biosynthesis of ubiquinone in Escherichia coli and other Gram-negative bacteria . The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can synthesize ubiquinone from either chorismate or tyrosine .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:
1. Nichols, B.P. and Green, J.M. Cloning and sequencing of Escherichia coli ubiC and purification of chorismate lyase. J. Bacteriol. 174 (1992) 5309-5316. [PMID: 1644758]
2. Siebert, M., Severin, K. and Heide, L. Formation of 4-hydroxybenzoate in Escherichia coli: characterization of the ubiC gene and its encoded enzyme chorismate pyruvate-lyase. Microbiology 140 (1994) 897-904. [PMID: 8012607]
3. Meganathan, R. Ubiquinone biosynthesis in microorganisms. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 203 (2001) 131-139. [PMID: 11583838]