IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 4.2.1.136

Accepted name: ADP-dependent NAD(P)H-hydrate dehydratase

Reaction: (1) ADP + (6S)-6β-hydroxy-1,4,5,6-tetrahydronicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide = AMP + phosphate + NADH
(2) ADP + (6S)-6β-hydroxy-1,4,5,6-tetrahydronicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate = AMP + phosphate + NADPH

Glossary: (6S)-6β-hydroxy-1,4,5,6-tetrahydronicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide = (S)-NADH-hydrate = (S)-NADHX
(6S)-6β-hydroxy-1,4,5,6-tetrahydronicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate = (S)-NADPH-hydrate = (S)-NADPHX

Other name(s): (6S)-β-6-hydroxy-1,4,5,6-tetrahydronicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide hydro-lyase(ADP-hydrolysing); (6S)-6-β-hydroxy-1,4,5,6-tetrahydronicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide hydro-lyase (ADP-hydrolysing; NADH-forming)

Systematic name: (6S)-6β-hydroxy-1,4,5,6-tetrahydronicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide hydro-lyase (ADP-hydrolysing; NADH-forming)

Comments: Acts equally well on hydrated NADH and hydrated NADPH. NAD(P)H spontaneously hydrates to both the (6S)- and (6R)- isomers. The enzyme from bacteria consists of two domains, one of which acts as an NAD(P)H-hydrate epimerase that interconverts the two isomers to a 60:40 ratio (cf. EC 5.1.99.6), while the other catalyses the dehydration. Hence the enzyme can restore the complete mixture of isomers into NAD(P)H. The enzyme has no activity with ATP, contrary to the enzyme from eukaryotes (cf. EC 4.2.1.93, ATP-dependent NAD(P)H-hydrate dehydratase).

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:

References:

1. Marbaix, A.Y., Noel, G., Detroux, A.M., Vertommen, D., Van Schaftingen, E. and Linster, C.L. Extremely conserved ATP- or ADP-dependent enzymatic system for nicotinamide nucleotide repair. J. Biol. Chem. 286 (2011) 41246-41252. [PMID: 21994945]

[EC 4.2.1.136 created 2012]


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