IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: terpinolene synthase

Reaction: geranyl diphosphate = terpinolene + diphosphate

For diagram of reaction click here.

Glossary: terpinolene = 1-methyl-4-(propan-2-ylidene)cyclohexene

Other name(s): ag9; PmeTPS2; LaLIMS_RR

Systematic name: geranyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase (cyclizing, terpinolene-forming)

Comments: Requires Mg2+. Mn2+ is less effective and product ratio changes. Forms traces of other monoterpenoids.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:


1. Croteau, R. and Satterwhite, D.M. Biosynthesis of monoterpenes. Stereochemical implications of acyclic and monocyclic olefin formation by (+)- and (–)-pinene cyclases from sage. J. Biol. Chem. 264 (1989) 15309-15315. [PMID: 2768265]

2. Bohlmann, J., Phillips, M., Ramachandiran, V., Katoh, S. and Croteau, R. cDNA cloning, characterization, and functional expression of four new monoterpene synthase members of the Tpsd gene family from grand fir (Abies grandis). Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 368 (1999) 232-243. [PMID: 10441373]

3. Faldt, J., Martin, D., Miller, B., Rawat, S. and Bohlmann, J. Traumatic resin defense in Norway spruce (Picea abies): methyl jasmonate-induced terpene synthase gene expression, and cDNA cloning and functional characterization of (+)-3-carene synthase. Plant Mol. Biol. 51 (2003) 119-133. [PMID: 12602896]

4. Huber, D.P.W., Philippe, R.N., Godard, K.-A., Sturrock, R.N. and Bohlmann, J. Characterization of four terpene synthase cDNAs from methyl jasmonate-induced Douglas-fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii. Phytochemistry 66 (2005) 1427-1439. [PMID: 15921711]

5. Landmann, C., Fink, B., Festner, M., Dregus, M., Engel, K.H. and Schwab, W. Cloning and functional characterization of three terpene synthases from lavender (Lavandula angustifolia). Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 465 (2007) 417-429. [PMID: 17662687]

[EC created 2012]

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