Reaction: (13E)-8α-hydroxylabd-13-en-15-yl diphosphate + H2O = sclareol + diphosphate
For diagram of reaction click here.
Glossary: sclareol = (13R)-labd-14-ene-8α,13-diol
(13E)-8α-hydroxylabd-13-en-15-yl diphosphate = copal-8-ol diphosphate
Other name(s): SS
Systematic name: (13E)-8α-hydroxylabd-13-en-15-yl-diphosphate-lyase (sclareol forming)
Comments: Isolated from the plant Salvia sclarea (clary sage). Originally thought to be synthesized in one step from geranylgeranyl diphosphate it is now known to require two enzymes, EC 188.8.131.52, copal-8-ol diphosphate synthase and EC 184.108.40.206, sclareol synthase. Sclareol is used in perfumery.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Caniard, A., Zerbe, P., Legrand, S., Cohade, A., Valot, N., Magnard, J.L., Bohlmann, J. and Legendre, L. Discovery and functional characterization of two diterpene synthases for sclareol biosynthesis in Salvia sclarea (L.) and their relevance for perfume manufacture. BMC Plant Biol. 12:119 (2012) . [PMID: 22834731]