Reaction: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate + H2O = (1E,4S,5E,7R)-germacra-1(10),5-dien-11-ol + diphosphate
For diagram of reaction click here.
Other name(s): germacradienol/germacrene-D synthase; 2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase [(1E,4S,5E,7R)-germacra-1(10),5-dien-11-ol-forming]
Systematic name: (2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase [(1E,4S,5E,7R)-germacra-1(10),5-dien-11-ol-forming]
Comments: Requires Mg2+ for activity. H-1si of farnesyl diphosphate is lost in the formation of (1E,4S,5E,7R)-germacra-1(10),5-dien-11-ol. Formation of ()-germacrene D involves a stereospecific 1,3-hydride shift of H-1si of farnesyl diphosphate. Both products are formed from a common intermediate . Other enzymes produce germacrene D as the sole product using a different mechanism. The enzyme mediates a key step in the biosynthesis of geosmin (see EC 220.127.116.11 geosmin synthase), a widely occurring metabolite of many streptomycetes, bacteria and fungi . Also catalyses the reaction of EC 18.104.22.168, ()-germacrene D synthase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 211049-88-6
1. Cane, D.E. and Watt, R.M. Expression and mechanistic analysis of a germacradienol synthase from Streptomyces coelicolor implicated in geosmin biosynthesis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100 (2003) 1547-1551. [PMID: 12556563]
2. He, X. and Cane, D.E. Mechanism and stereochemistry of the germacradienol/germacrene D synthase of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126 (2004) 2678-2679. [PMID: 14995166]
3. Gust, B., Challis, G.L., Fowler, K., Kieser, T. and Chater, K.F. PCR-targeted Streptomyces gene replacement identifies a protein domain needed for biosynthesis of the sesquiterpene soil odor geosmin. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100 (2003) 1541-1546. [PMID: 12563033]