IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: β-farnesene synthase

Reaction: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate = (E)-β-farnesene + diphosphate

For diagram of reaction click here.

Other name(s): farnesene synthase; terpene synthase 10; terpene synthase 10-B73; TPS10

Systematic name: (2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase [(E)-β-farnesene-forming]

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Zhao, B., Lei, L., Vassylyev, D.G., Lin, X., Cane, D.E., Kelly, S.L., Yuan, H., Lamb, D.C. and Waterman, M.R. Crystal structure of albaflavenone monooxygenase containing a moonlighting terpene synthase active site. J. Biol. Chem. 284 (2009) 36711-36719. [PMID: 19858213]

2. Picaud, S., Brodelius, M. and Brodelius, P.E. Expression, purification and characterization of recombinant (E)-β-farnesene synthase from Artemisia annua. Phytochemistry 66 (2005) 961-967. [PMID: 15896363]

3. Kollner, T.G., Gershenzon, J. and Degenhardt, J. Molecular and biochemical evolution of maize terpene synthase 10, an enzyme of indirect defense. Phytochemistry 70 (2009) 1139-1145. [PMID: 19646721]

4. Schnee, C., Kollner, T.G., Held, M., Turlings, T.C., Gershenzon, J. and Degenhardt, J. The products of a single maize sesquiterpene synthase form a volatile defense signal that attracts natural enemies of maize herbivores. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103 (2006) 1129-1134. [PMID: 16418295]

5. Maruyama, T., Ito, M. and Honda, G. Molecular cloning, functional expression and characterization of (E)-β farnesene synthase from Citrus junos. Biol. Pharm. Bull. 24 (2001) 1171-1175. [PMID: 11642326]

6. Crock, J., Wildung, M. and Croteau, R. Isolation and bacterial expression of a sesquiterpene synthase cDNA clone from peppermint (Mentha × piperita, L.) that produces the aphid alarm pheromone (E)-β-farnesene. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94 (1997) 12833-12838. [PMID: 9371761]

7. Schnee, C., Kollner, T.G., Gershenzon, J. and Degenhardt, J. The maize gene terpene synthase 1 encodes a sesquiterpene synthase catalyzing the formation of (E)-β-farnesene, (E)-nerolidol, and (E,E)-farnesol after herbivore damage. Plant Physiol. 130 (2002) 2049-2060. [PMID: 12481088]

8. Huber, D.P.W., Philippe, R.N., Godard, K.-A., Sturrock, R.N. and Bohlmann, J. Characterization of four terpene synthase cDNAs from methyl jasmonate-induced Douglas-fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii. Phytochemistry 66 (2005) 1427-1439. [PMID: 15921711]

[EC created 2010]

Return to EC 4.2.3 home page
Return to EC 4.2 home page
Return to EC 4 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page