Reaction: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate = α-longipinene + diphosphate
For diagram of reaction click here and mechanism click here.
Systematic name: (2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase (α-longipinene-forming)
Comments: The enzyme from Norway spruce produces longifolene as the main product (c.f. EC 22.214.171.124, longifolene synthase). α-Longipinene constitutes about 15% of the total products.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Martin, D.M., Faldt, J. and Bohlmann, J. Functional characterization of nine Norway Spruce TPS genes and evolution of gymnosperm terpene synthases of the TPS-d subfamily. Plant Physiol. 135 (2004) 1908-1927. [PMID: 15310829]
2. Köpke, D., Schröder, R., Fischer, H.M., Gershenzon, J., Hilker, M. and Schmidt, A. Does egg deposition by herbivorous pine sawflies affect transcription of sesquiterpene synthases in pine? Planta 228 (2008) 427-438. [PMID: 18493792]