Reaction: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate = α-guaiene + diphosphate
For diagram of reaction click here.
Other name(s): PatTps177 (gene name)
Systematic name: (2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase (cyclizing, α-guaiene-forming)
Comments: Requires Mg2+. The enzyme from Pogostemon cablin gives 13% α-guaiene as well as 37% ()-patchoulol (see EC 18.104.22.168), 13% δ-guaiene (see EC 22.214.171.124), and traces of at least ten other sesquiterpenoids . In Aquilaria crassna three clones of the enzyme gave about 80% δ-guaiene and 20% α-guaiene, with traces of α-humulene. A fourth clone gave 54% δ-guaiene and 45% α-guaiene .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Deguerry, F., Pastore, L., Wu, S., Clark, A., Chappell, J. and Schalk, M. The diverse sesquiterpene profile of patchouli, Pogostemon cablin, is correlated with a limited number of sesquiterpene synthases. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 454 (2006) 123-136. [PMID: 16970904]
2. Kumeta, Y. and Ito, M. Characterization of δ-guaiene synthases from cultured cells of Aquilaria, responsible for the formation of the sesquiterpenes in agarwood. Plant Physiol. 154 (2010) 1998-2007. [PMID: 20959422]