IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 4.4.1.23

Accepted name: 2-hydroxypropyl-CoM lyase

Reaction: (1) (R)-2-hydroxypropyl-CoM = (R)-1,2-epoxypropane + HS-CoM
(2) (S)-2-hydroxypropyl-CoM = (S)-1,2-epoxypropane + HS-CoM

For diagram click here.

Glossary:
coenzyme M (CoM) = 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate

Other name(s): epoxyalkane:coenzyme M transferase; epoxyalkane:CoM transferase; epoxyalkane:2-mercaptoethanesulfonate transferase; coenzyme M-epoxyalkane ligase; epoxyalkyl:CoM transferase; epoxypropane:coenzyme M transferase; epoxypropyl:CoM transferase; EaCoMT; 2-hydroxypropyl-CoM:2-mercaptoethanesulfonate lyase (epoxyalkane-ring-forming); (R)-[or (S)-]2-hydroxypropyl-CoM:2-mercaptoethanesulfonate lyase (epoxyalkane-ring-forming)

Systematic name: (R)-2-hydroxypropyl-CoM:2-mercaptoethanesulfonate lyase (cyclizing; (R)-1,2-epoxypropane-forming)

Comments: Requires zinc. Acts on both enantiomers of chiral epoxyalkanes to form the corresponding (R)- and (S)-2-hydroxyalkyl-CoM adducts. The enzyme will function with some other thiols (e.g., 2-sulfanylethanol) as the nucleophile. Uses short-chain epoxyalkanes from C2 (epoxyethane) to C6 (1,2-epoxyhexane). This enzyme forms component I of a four-component enzyme system {comprising EC 4.4.1.23 (2-hydroxypropyl-CoM lyase; component I), EC 1.8.1.5 [2-oxopropyl-CoM reductase (carboxylating); component II], EC 1.1.1.268 [2-(R)-hydroxypropyl-CoM dehydrogenase; component III] and EC 1.1.1.269 [2-(S)-hydroxypropyl-CoM dehydrogenase; component IV]} that is involved in epoxyalkane carboxylation in Xanthobacter sp. strain Py2.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, UM-BBD, CAS registry number: 244301-07-3

References:

1. Allen, J.R., Clark, D.D., Krum, J.G. and Ensign, S.A. A role for coenzyme M (2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid) in a bacterial pathway of aliphatic epoxide carboxylation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96 (1999) 8432-8437. [PMID: 10411892]

2. Krum, J.G., Ellsworth, H., Sargeant, R.R., Rich, G. and Ensign, S.A. Kinetic and microcalorimetric analysis of substrate and cofactor interactions in epoxyalkane:CoM transferase, a zinc-dependent epoxidase. Biochemistry 41 (2002) 5005-5014. [PMID: 11939797]

3. Coleman, N.V. and Spain, J.C. Epoxyalkane: coenzyme M transferase in the ethene and vinyl chloride biodegradation pathways of Mycobacterium strain JS60. J. Bacteriol. 185 (2003) 5536-5545. [PMID: 12949106]

[EC 4.4.1.23 created 2001 as EC 4.2.99.19, transferred 2005 to EC 4.4.1.23]


Return to EC 4.4.1 home page
Return to EC 4.4 home page
Return to EC 4 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page