Reaction: a trans-dec-2-enoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] = a cis-dec-3-enoyl-[acyl-carrier protein]
Other name(s): β-hydroxydecanoyl thioester dehydrase; trans-2-cis-3-decenoyl-ACP isomerase; trans-2,cis-3-decenoyl-ACP isomerase; trans-2-decenoyl-ACP isomerase; FabM
Systematic name: decenoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] Δ2-trans-Δ3-cis-isomerase
Comments: While the enzyme from Escherichia coli is highly specific for the 10-carbon enoyl-ACP, the enzyme from Streptococcus pneumoniae can also use the 12-carbon enoyl-ACP as substrate in vitro but not 14- or 16-carbon enoyl-ACPs . ACP can be replaced by either CoA or N-acetylcysteamine thioesters. The cis-3-enoyl product is required to form unsaturated fatty acids, such as palmitoleic acid and cis-vaccenic acid, in dissociated (or type II) fatty-acid biosynthesis.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9030-80-2
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