Reaction: ATP + a long-chain fatty acid + [protein]-L-cysteine = AMP + diphosphate + a [protein]-S-(long-chain-acyl)-L-cysteine
Other name(s): luxE (gene name); acyl-protein synthetase; long-chain-fatty-acidluciferin-component ligase
Systematic name: long-chain-fatty-acid:protein ligase (AMP-forming)
Comments: Together with a transferase component (EC 18.104.22.168/EC 22.214.171.124) and a reductase component (EC 126.96.36.199), this enzyme forms a multienzyme fatty acid reductase complex that produces the long-chain aldehyde substrate of the bacterial luciferase enzyme (EC 188.8.131.52). The enzyme activates free long-chain fatty acids, generated by the action of the transferase component, forming a fatty acyl-AMP intermediate, followed by the transfer of the acyl group to an internal L-cysteine residue. It then transfers the acyl group to EC 184.108.40.206, long-chain acyl-protein thioester reductase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 82657-98-5
1. Riendeau, D., Rodrigues, A. and Meighen, E. Resolution of the fatty acid reductase from Photobacterium phosphoreum into acyl protein synthetase and acyl-CoA reductase activities. Evidence for an enzyme complex. J. Biol. Chem. 257 (1982) 6908-6915. [PMID: 7085612]
2. Rodriguez, A. and Meighen, E. Fatty acyl-AMP as an intermediate in fatty acid reduction to aldehyde in luminescent bacteria. J. Biol. Chem. 260 (1985) 771-774. [PMID: 3968067]
3. Wall, L. and Meighen, E.A. Subunit structure of the fatty-acid reductase complex from Photobacterium phosphoreum. Biochemistry 25 (1986) 4315-4321.
4. Soly, R.R. and Meighen, E.A. Identification of the acyl transfer site of fatty acyl-protein synthetase from bioluminescent bacteria. J. Mol. Biol. 219 (1991) 69-77. [PMID: 2023262]
5. Lin, J.W., Chao, Y.F. and Weng, S.F. Nucleotide sequence and functional analysis of the luxE gene encoding acyl-protein synthetase of the lux operon from Photobacterium leiognathi. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 228 (1996) 764-773. [PMID: 8941351]