Reaction: 3-hydroxypropanoate + ATP + CoA = 3-hydroxypropanoyl-CoA + AMP + diphosphate
For diagram of reaction click here (another example).
Glossary: 3-hydroxypropanoyl-CoA = 3-hydroxypropionyl-CoA
Other name(s): 3-hydroxypropionyl-CoA synthetase (AMP-forming); 3-hydroxypropionateCoA ligase; hydroxypropionate:CoA ligase (AMP-forming)
Systematic name: hydroxypropanoate:CoA ligase (AMP-forming)
Comments: Catalyses a step in the 3-hydroxypropanoate/4-hydroxybutanoate cycle, an autotrophic CO2 fixation pathway found in some thermoacidophilic archaea [1,2]. The enzymes from Metallosphaera sedula and Sulfolobus tokodaii can also use propionate, acrylate, acetate, and butanoate as substrates , and are thus different from EC 18.104.22.168 (propionateCoA ligase), which does not accept acetate or butanoate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Berg, I.A., Kockelkorn, D., Buckel, W. and Fuchs, G. A 3-hydroxypropionate/4-hydroxybutyrate autotrophic carbon dioxide assimilation pathway in Archaea. Science 318 (2007) 1782-1786. [PMID: 18079405]
2. Alber, B.E., Kung, J.W. and Fuchs, G. 3-Hydroxypropionyl-coenzyme A synthetase from Metallosphaera sedula, an enzyme involved in autotrophic CO2 fixation. J. Bacteriol. 190 (2008) 1383-1389. [PMID: 18165310]