Reaction: ATP + (R)-4-phosphopantoate + β-alanine = AMP + diphosphate + (R)-4'-phosphopantothenate
Other name(s): phosphopantothenate synthetase; TK1686 protein
Systematic name: (R)-4-phosphopantoate:β-alanine ligase (AMP-forming)
Comments: The conversion of (R)-pantoate to (R)-4'-phosphopantothenate is part of the pathway leading to biosynthesis of 4'-phosphopantetheine, an essential cofactor of coenzyme A and acyl-carrier protein. In bacteria and eukaryotes this conversion is performed by condensation with β-alanine, followed by phosphrylation (EC 184.108.40.206 [pantoateβ-alanine ligase] and EC 220.127.116.11 [pantothenate kinase], respectively). In archaea the order of these two steps is reversed, and phosphorylation precedes condensation with β-alanine. The two archaeal enzymes that catalyse this conversion are EC 18.104.22.168, pantoate kinase, and this enzyme.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, CAS registry number:
1. Yokooji, Y., Tomita, H., Atomi, H. and Imanaka, T. Pantoate kinase and phosphopantothenate synthetase, two novel enzymes necessary for CoA biosynthesis in the Archaea. J. Biol. Chem. 284 (2009) 28137-28145. [PMID: 19666462]