Nomenclature of Carbohydrates (Recommendations 1996)

Appendix

Continued from references

Contents


Trivial Names for Carbohydrates and Derivatives with their Systematic Equivalents and Symbols (non-limiting list)

(a) parent monosaccharides

Allose (All)allo-Hexose
Altrose (Alt)altro-Hexose
Arabinose (Ara)arabino-Pentose
Erythroseerythro-Tetrose
Erythruloseglycero-Tetrulose
Fructose (Fru)arabino-Hex-2-ulose
D-Fucitol (D-Fuc-ol)6-Deoxy-D-galactitol
L-Fucitol (L-Fuc-ol)1-Deoxy-D-galactitol
Fucosamine (FucN)2-Amino-2,6-dideoxygalactose
Fucose (Fuc)6-Deoxygalactose
Galactosamine (GalN)2-Amino-2-deoxygalactose
D-Galactosaminitol (GalN-ol)2-Amino-2-deoxy-D-galactitol
Galactose (Gal)galacto-Hexose
Glucosamine (GlcN)2-Amino-2-deoxyglucose
Glucosaminitol (GlcN-ol)2-Amino-2-deoxyglucitol
Glucose (Glc)gluco-Hexose
Glyceraldehyde2,3-Dihydroxypropanal
Glycerol (Gro)Propane-1,2,3-triol
Glycerone
(1,3-dihydroxyacetone)
1,3-Dihydroxypropanone
Gulose (Gul)gulo-Hexose
Idose (Ido)ido-Hexose
Lyxose (Lyx)lyxo-Pentose
Mannosamine (ManN)2-Amino-2-deoxymannose
Mannose (Man)manno-Hexose
Psicose (Psi)ribo-Hex-2-ulose
Quinovose (Qui)6-Deoxyglucose
Quinovosamine2-Amino-2,6-dideoxyglucose
Rhamnitol (Rha-ol)1-Deoxymannitol
Rhamnosamine (RhaN)2-Amino-2,6-dideoxymannose
Rhamnose (Rha)6-Deoxymannose
Ribose (Rib)ribo-Pentose
Ribulose (Rul)erythro-Pent-2-ulose
Sorbose (Sor)xylo-Hex-2-ulose
Tagatose (Tag)lyxo-Hex-2-ulose
Talose (Tal)talo-Hexose
Tartaric acidErythraric/Threaric acid
Threosethreo-Tetrose
Xylose (Xyl)xylo-Pentose
Xylulose (Xul)threo-Pent-2-ulose

common trivial names

Abequose (Abe)3,6-Dideoxy-D-xylo-hexose
Amicetose2,3,6-Trideoxy-D-erythro-hexose
Amylose(1[arrow right]4)-α-D-Glucopyranan
Apiose (Api)3-C-(Hydroxymethyl)-glycero-tetrose
Arcanose2,6-Dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-O-methyl-xylo-hexose
Ascarylose3,6-Dideoxy-L-arabino-hexose
Ascorbic acidL-threo-Hex-2-enono-1,4-lactone
Boivinose2,6-Dideoxy-D-gulose
Cellobiose[beta]-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]4)-D-glucose
Cellotriose[beta]-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]4)-[beta]-D-glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]4)-D-glucose
Chacotrioseα-L-Rhamnopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]2)-[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]4)]-D-glucose
Chalcose4,6-Dideoxy-3-O-methyl-D-xylo-hexose
Cladinose2,6-Dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-O-methyl-L-ribo-hexose
Colitose3,6-Dideoxy-L-xylo-hexose
Cymarose2,6-Dideoxy-3-O-methyl-ribo-hexose error details
2-Deoxyribose (dRib)2-Deoxy-erythro-pentose
2-Deoxyglucose (2dGlc)2-Deoxy-arabino-hexose
Diginose2,6-Dideoxy-3-O-methyl-lyxo-hexose
Digitalose6-Deoxy-3-O-methyl-D-galactose
Digitoxose2,6-Dideoxy-D-ribo-hexose
Evalose6-Deoxy-3-C-methyl-D-mannose
Evernitrose2,3,6-Trideoxy-3-C-methyl-4-O-methyl-3-nitro-L-arabino-hexose
Gentianose[beta]-D-Fructofuranosyl [beta]-D-glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-α-D-glucopyranoside
Gentiobiose[beta]-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-D-glucose
Hamamelose2-C-(Hydroxymethyl)-D-ribose
Inulin(2[arrow right]1)-[beta]-D-Fructofuranan
Isolevoglucosenone1,6-Anhydro-2,3-dideoxy-[beta]-D-glycero-hex-2-enoyranos-4-ulose
Isomaltoseα-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-D-glucose
Isomaltotrioseα-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-D-glucose
Isopanoseα-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]4)-[α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)]-D-glucose
Kojibioseα-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]2)-D-glucose
Lactose (Lac)[beta]-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]4)-D-glucose
Lactosamine (LacN)[beta]-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]4)-D-glucosamine
Lactosediamine (LacdiN)2-Amino-2-deoxy-[beta]-D-galactopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]4)-D-glucosamine
Laminarabiose[beta]-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]3)-D-glucose
Levoglucosan1,6-Anhydro-[beta]-D-glucopyranose
Levoglucosenone1,6-Anhydro-3,4-dideoxy-[beta]-D-glycero-hex-3-enoyranos-2-ulose
Maltoseα-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]4)-D-glucose
Manninotrioseα-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-D-glucose
Melezitoseα-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]3)-[beta]-D-fructofuranosyl α-D-glucopyranoside
Melibioseα-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-D-glucose
Muramic acid (Mur)2-Amino-3-O-[(R)-1-carboxyethyl]-2-deoxy-D-glucose
Mycarose2,6-Dideoxy-3-C-methyl-L-ribo-hexose
Mycinose6-Deoxy-2,3-di-O-methyl-D-allose
Neuraminic acid (Neu)5-Amino-3,5-dideoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulosonic acid
Nigeroseα-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]3)-D-glucose
Nojirimycin5-Amino-5-deoxy-D-glucopyranose
Noviose6-Deoxy-5-C-methyl-4-O-methyl-L-lyxo-hexose
Oleandrose2,6-Dideoxy-3-O-methyl-L-arabino-hexose
Panoseα-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]4)-D-glucose
Paratose3,6-Dideoxy-D-ribo-hexose
Planteoseα-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1<F40728M>Ä<F25D>6)-[beta]-D-fructofuranosyl α-D-glucopyranoside
Primeverose[beta]-D-Xylopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-D-glucose
Raffinose[beta]-D-Fructofuranosyl α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-α-D-glucopyranoside
Rhodinose2,3,6-Trideoxy-L-threo-hexose
Rutinoseα-L-Rhamnopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-D-glucose
Sarmentose2,6-Dideoxy-3-O-methyl-D-xylo-hexose
SedoheptuloseD-altro-Hept-2-ulose
Sedoheptulosan2,7-Anhydro-[beta]-D-altro-hept-2-ulopyranose
Solatrioseα-L-Rhamnopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]2)-[[beta]-D-glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]3)]-D-galactose
Sophorose[beta]-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]2)-D-glucose
Stachyose[beta]-D-Fructofuranosyl α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]6)-α-D-glucopyranoside
Streptose5-Deoxy-3-C-formyl-L-lyxose
Sucrose (saccharose)[beta]-D-Fructofuranosyl α-D-glucopyranoside
α,α-Trehaloseα-D-Glucopyranosyl α-D-glucopyranoside
Trehalosamine2-Amino-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranosyl α-D-glucopyranoside
Turanoseα-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]3)-D-fructose
Tyvelose (Tyv)3,6-Dideoxy-D-arabino-hexose
Umbelliferose[beta]-D-Fructofuranosyl α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1[arrow right]2)-α-D-glucopyranoside error details

(c) trivial names formed by modification of non-standard monosaccharide parent names

Acosamine3-Amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-L-arabino-hexose error details
Bacillosamine2,4-Diamino-2,4,6-trideoxy-D-glucose
Daunosamine3-Amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-L-lyxo-hexose
Desosamine3,4,6-Trideoxy-3-dimethylamino-D-xylo-hexose
Forosamine2,3,4,6-Tetradeoxy-4-dimethylamino-D-erythro-hexose
Garosamine3-Deoxy-4-C-methyl-3-methylamino-L-arabinose
Kanosamine3-Amino-3-deoxy-D-glucose
Kansosamine4-Amino-4,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-2-O-methyl-L-mannose error details
Mycaminose3,6-Dideoxy-3-dimethylamino-D-glucose
Mycosamine3-Amino-3,6-dideoxy-D-mannose
Perosamine4-Amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-mannose
Pneumosamine2-Amino-2,6-dideoxy-D-talose
Purpurosamine C2,6-Diamino-2,3,4,6-tetradeoxy-D-erythro-hexose
Rhodosamine2,3,6-Trideoxy-3-dimethylamino-lyxo-hexose


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