International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
and
International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

IUPAC-IUBMB Joint Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature
and Nomenclature Commission of IUBMB

Biochemical Nomenclature and Related Documents

"White Book"

Biochemical Nomenclature and Related Documents, 2nd edition, Portland Press, 1992. Edited C Liébecq. [ISBN 1-85578-005-4]

Contents

General
Amino acids, peptides and proteins
Enzymes
Nucleotides, nucleic acids and protein synthesis
Carbohydrates, etc.
Lipids, etc
Miscellaneous
Excerpts from the newsletters


General

Compendium pages 1-18.
Nomenclature of organic chemistry, section E: Stereochemistry. Recommendations 1974. Pure Appl. Chem., 1976, 45, 11-30. A PDF (530 kB) of the printed version is available.

Kem. Kozl., 1982, 58, 257-307 (in Hungarian).
[Title ?] published by Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warsaw, 1979, 48 pp. (in Polish)
Compendium pages 19-26.
Nomenclature of organic chemistry, section F: Natural products and related compounds. Recommendations 1976. Eur. J. Biochem., 1978, 86, 1-8. [revised edition 1999]

Chem. Listy, 1978, 72, 288-305. (in Czech)
Compendium pages 27-30.
Isotopically modified compounds and isotopically labelled compounds: common biochemical practice. Instructions for Authors, J. Biol. Chem. - Isotopically substituted compounds [Newsletter 1980]; Names for hydrogen species [Newsletter 1989].

Compendium pages 31-36.
Recommendations for the presentation of thermodynamic and related data in biology (1985), Eur. J. Biochem., 1985, 153, 429-434; Pure Appl. Chem., 1986, 58, 1405-1410. [revised edition 1994]

Compendium pages 37-38.
Citation of bibliographic references in biochemical journals (1971), Eur. J. Biochem., 1973, 37, 201-202

Amino acids, peptides and proteins

Compendium pages 39-69.
Nomenclature and symbolism for amino acids and peptides. Recommendations 1983, Biochem. J., 1984, 219, 345-373; Eur. J. Biochem., 1984, 138, 9-37; 1985, 152, 1; 1993, 213, 2; Internat. J. Pept. Prot. Res., 1984, 24, following p 84; J. Biol. Chem., 1985, 260,14-42; Pure Appl. Chem., 1984, 56, 595-624; Amino Acids and Peptides, 1985, 16, 387-410. A PDF (527 kB) of the printed version available. (Addenda: Amide derivatives of amino acids and peptides [Newsletter 1985], Structures formed by elimination of water between a [beta]-carboxyl and an [alpha]-NH group [Newsletter 1989], Enkephalins [Newsletter 1984], Selenium in amino acids and peptides [Newsletter 1986], Use of seco- in partially hydrolysed peptides [Newsletter 1986].)

Chem. Listy, 1974, 68, 1156-1173. (in Czech) [1974 version]
Compendium pages 70-72.
Abbreviated nomenclature of synthetic polypeptides - Polymerised amino acids (1971), Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 1972, 151, 597-602; Biochem. J., 1972, 127, 753-756; Biochemistry, 1972, 11, 942-944; Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1972, 278, 211-217; Biopolymers, 1972, 11, 321-327; Eur. J. Biochem., 1972, 26, 301-304; J. Biol. Chem., 1972, 247, 323-325; Pure Appl. Chem., 1973, 33, 437-444. A PDF (193 kB) of the printed version is available.

Kem. Ind., 1988, 37(6), B1-B18. (in Croatian)
Compendium pages 73-81.
Abbreviations and symbols for the description of the conformation of polypeptide chains (1969), Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 1971, 145, 405-421; Biochem. J., 1971, 121, 577-585; Biochemistry, 1971, 9, 3471-3479; Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1971, 229, 1-17; Eur. J. Biochem., 1969, 17, 193-201; J. Biol. Chem., 1970, 245, 6489-6497; J. Mol. Biol., 1970, 52, 1-17; Pure Appl. Chem., 1974, 40, 291-308. A PDF (434 kB) of the printed version available.

Kem. Ind., 1988, 37(6), B1-B18. (in Croatian)
Chem. Listy, 1979, 73 951-964. (in Czech)
Mol. Biol. (Moscow), 1973, 7, 289-307. (in Russian)
Compendium pages 82-83.
Nomenclature of peptide hormones (1974), Biochem. J., 1975, 151, 1-4; Biochemistry, 1975, 14, 2559-2560; Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1975, 404, 152-155; Eur. J. Biochem., 1975, 55, 485-486; J. Biol. Chem., 1975, 250, 3215-3216.

Kem. Ind., 1989, 38(6), B1-B15. (in Croatian)
Bioorg. Khim., 1976, 2, 129-132. (in Russian)
Probl. Endokrinol., 1976, 22, 112-115. (in Russian)
Compendium pages 84-89.
Nomenclature of glycoproteins, glycopeptides and peptidoglycans. Recommendations 1985, Eur. J. Biochem., 1986, 159, 1-6; 1989, 185, 485;Glycoconjugate J., 1986, 3, 123-134; J. Biol. Chem., 1987, 262, 13-18; Pure Appl. Chem., 1988, 60, 1389-1394; Amino Acids and Peptides, 1990, 21, 329-334. A PDF (464 kB) of the printed version available. (Addendum: N-glycan / N-linked [Newsletter 1992].)

Compendium pages 90-92.
Nomenclature of initiation, elongation and termination factors for translation in eukaryotes. Recommendations 1988. Eur. J. Biochem., 1989, 186, 1-3. [revised edition 1995]

Enzymes

Compendium pages 93-95.
Nomenclature of multiple forms of enzymes (1976), Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1978, 185, 1-3; Biochem. J., 1978, 171, 37-39; Eur. J. Biochem., 1978, 82,1-3; J. Biol. Chem., 1977, 252, 5939-5941.

Compendium pages 96-106.
Symbolism and terminology in enzyme kinetics. Recommendations 1981, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1983, 224, 732-740; Biochem. J., 1983, 213, 561-571; Eur. J. Biochem., 1982, 128, 281-291. (Addendum: Rate of conversion [Newsletter 1981].)

Compendium pages 107-108.
Nomenclature of multienzymes. Recommendations 1989, Eur. J. Biochem., 1989, 185, 485-486; and Enzyme Nomenclature. Recommendations 1992, Academic Press, 1992, pp 562-563.

Mol. Biol. (Moscow), 1992, 26, 224-225. (in Russian)
Nucleotides, nucleic acids and protein synthesis

Compendium pages 109-114.
Abbreviations and symbols for nucleic acids, polynucleotides and their constituents (1970), Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 1971, 145, 425-436; Biochem. J., 1971, 120, 449-454; Biochemistry, 1971, 9, 4022-4027; Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1971, 247, 1-12; Eur. J. Biochem., 1970, 15, 203-208; 1972, 25, 1; J. Biol. Chem., 1970, 245, 5171-5176; J. Mol. Biol., 1971, 55, 299-310; Pure Appl. Chem., 1974, 40, 277-290. A PDF (385 kB) of the printed version available. (Addendum: Hyphens in nucleic-acid sequences [Newsletter 1985].)

Hrana Ishrana, 1977, 18, 473-489 (in Croatian)
Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem., 1970, 351, 1055-1063 (in German)
Postepy Biochem., 1987, 33, 633-644. (in Polish)
Mol. Biol. (Moscow), 1972, 6, 167-178. (in Russian)
Compendium pages 115-121.
Abbreviations and symbols for the description of conformations of polynucleotide chains. Recommendations 1982, Eur. J. Biochem., 1983, 131, 9-15; Proceedings of the 16th Jerusalem Symposium "Nucleic Acids, the Vectors of Life" (edited B Pullman and J Jortner) 1983, 559-565; Pure Appl. Chem., 1983, 55, 1273-1280. A PDF (224 kB) of the printed version available. (Addendum: Atom numbering in polynucleotides [Newsletter 1985].)

Compendium pages 122-126.
Nomenclature for incompletely specified bases in nucleic acid sequences. Recommendations 1984, Biochem. J., 1985, 229, 281-286; Eur. J. Biochem., 1985, 150, 1-5; J. Biol. Chem., 1986, 261, 13-17; Mol. Biol. Evol., 1986, 3, 99-108; Nucl. Acids Res., 1985, 13, 3021-3030; Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (U. S.), 1986, 83, 4-8.

Carbohydrates, etc.

Compendium pages 127-148.
Carbohydrate nomenclature. Part I (1969) [under revision (now complete)], Biochem. J., 1971, 125, 673-695; Biochemistry, 1971, 10, 3983-4004; Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1971, 244, 223-302; Eur. J. Biochem., 1971, 21, 455-477; 1972, 25, 4; J. Biol. Chem., 1972, 247, 613-634.

Chem. Listy, 1978, 72 1182-1205, 1257-1280. (in Czech)
Compendium pages 149-155.
Nomenclature of cyclitols (1973), Biochem. J., 1976, 153, 23-31; Eur. J. Biochem., 1975, 57, 1-7; Pure Appl. Chem., 1974, 37, 283-297. A PDF (315 kB) of the printed version available.

Hrana Ishrana, 1978, 19, 57-89 (in Croatian)

[title ?] published by Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warsaw, 1979, 45-57 (in Polish)

Compendium pages 156-157.
Numbering of atoms in myo-inositol. Recommendations 1988, Biochem.J., 1989, 258, 1-2; Eur. J. Biochem., 1989, 180, 485-486.

Compendium pages 158-161.
Conformational nomenclature for five and six-membered ring forms of monosaccharides and their derivatives. Recommendations 1980, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1981, 207, 469-472; Eur. J. Biochem., 1980, 111, 295-298; Pure Appl. Chem., 1981, 53, 1901-1905. A PDF (128 kB) of the printed version available. [see 2-Carb-7. in 1996 recommendations]

Chem. Listy, 1988, 82 422-429. (in Czech)
Compendium pages 162-164.
Nomenclature of unsaturated monosaccharides. Recommendations 1981, Eur. J. Biochem., 1981, 119, 1-3; 1982, 125, 1; Pure Appl. Chem., 1982, 54, 207-210. A PDF (103 kB) of the printed version available. [see 2-Carb-17. in 1996 recommendations]

Chem. Listy, 1988, 82 1282-1286. (in Czech)
Compendium pages 165-168.
Nomenclature of branch-chain monosaccharides. Recommendations 1981, Eur. J. Biochem., 1981, 119, 5-8; 125, 1; Pure Appl. Chem., 1982, 54, 211-215. A PDF (125 kB) of the printed version available. [see 2-Carb-18. in 1996 recommendations]

Chem. Listy, 1988, 82 525-531. (in Czech)
Compendium pages 169-173.
Abbreviated terminology of oligosaccharide chains. Recommendations 1980, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1983, 220, 325-329; Eur. J. Biochem., 1982, 126, 433-437; J. Biol. Chem., 1982, 257, 3347-3351; Pure Appl.Chem., 1982, 54, 1517-1522. A PDF (185 kB) of the printed version available. (Addendum: Shortened representation of oligosaccharide chains [Newsletter 1986].) [see 2-Carb-37. and 2-Carb-38. in 1996 recommendations]

Chem. Listy, 1989, 83 181-190. (in Czech)
Compendium pages 174-176.
Polysaccharide nomenclature. Recommendations 1980, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1983, 220, 330-332; Eur. J. Biochem., 1982, 126, 439-441; J. Biol. Chem., 1982, 257, 3352-3354; Pure Appl. Chem., 1982, 54, 1523-1526. A PDF (116 kB) of the printed version available. [see 2-Carb-39. in 1996 recommendations]

Chem. Listy, 1988, 82 1198-1202. (in Czech)
Compendium pages 177-179.
Symbols for specifying the conformation of polysaccharide chains. Recommendations 1981, Eur. J. Biochem., 1983, 131, 5-7; Pure Appl. Chem., 1983, 55, 1269-1272. A PDF (108 kB) of the printed version available.

Lipids, etc.

Compendium pages 180-190.
Nomenclature of lipids (1976) - partly under revision, Biochem. J., 1978, 171, 21-35; Chem. Phys. Lipids, 1978, 21, 159-173; Eur. J. Biochem., 1977, 79, 11-21; Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem., 1977, 358, 617-631; J. Lipid Res., 1978, 19, 114-128; Lipids, 1977, 12, 455-468; Mol. Cell. Biochem., 1977, 17, 157-171. (Addendum: Derivatives of phosphatidic acid [Newsletter 1980].)

Chem. Listy, 1987, 81 715-748. (in Czech) [based on provisional version]
Compendium pages 192-221.
Nomenclature of steroids, Recommendations 1989, Eur. J. Biochem., 1989, 186, 429-458; 1993, 213, 2; Pure Appl. Chem. 1989, 61, 1783-1822; also pages xxx-lix in Dictionary of Steroids edited R A Hill, D N Kirk, H L J Makin and GM Murphy, Chapman and Hall, London, 1991. A PDF (1597 kB) of the printed version available.

Kem. Kozl., 1975, 44, 543-588 (1971 version) (in Hungarian).
Nomenklatura Steroidow (Zalecenia 1989), Polskie Towarzystwo Chemiczne, Komisja Terminologii. Wydawnictwo Universytetu Wroclawskiego, Wroclaw, Poland, 1994, 62 pp. (in Polish)
Compendium pages 222-225.
Nomenclature of quinones with isoprenoid side chains (1973), Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1974, 165, 1-5; Biochem. J., 1975, 147, 15-21; Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1975, 387, 397-401; Eur. J. Biochem., 1975, 53, 15-18; Pure Appl. Chem., 1974, 38, 439-447. A PDF (416 kB) of the printed version available.

Compendium pages 226-238.
Nomenclature of carotenoids (1970) and amendments (1974), Biochem. J., 1972, 127, 741-752; 1975, 151, 5-7; Biochemistry, 1971, 10, 4827-4837; 1975, 14, 1803; Eur. J. Biochem., 1972, 25, 397-408; 1975, 57, 317-318; J. Biol. Chem., 1972, 247, 2633-2643; Pure Appl. Chem., 1975, 41, 405-431. A PDF (550 kB) of the printed version available.

Hrana Ishrana, 1975, 16, 58-74 (1970 version) (in Croatian)
Kem. Kozl., 1983, 59, 271-300 (1970 version) (in Hungarian).
Compendium pages 239-241.
Nomenclature of tocopherols and related compounds. Recommendations 1981, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1982, 218, 347-348; Eur. J. Biochem., 1982, 123, 473-475; Mol. Cell. Biochem., 1982, 49, 183-185; Pure Appl. Chem., 1982, 54, 1507-1510. A PDF (115 kB) of the printed version available.

Hrana Ishrana, 1975, 16, 241-248. (in Croatian) [based on provisional version]
Compendium pages 242-246.
Nomenclature of vitamin D. Recommendations 1981, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1982, 218, 342-346; Endokrinol. Inform., 1982(2), 53-62; Eur. J. Biochem., 1982, 124, 223-227; Mol. Cell. Biochem., 1982, 49, 177-181; Pure Appl. Chem., 1982, 54, 1511-1516. A PDF (180 kB) of the printed version available.

Kem. Ind., 1989, 38(6), B1-B15. (in Croatian)
Compendium pages 247-251.
Nomenclature of retinoids. Recommendations 1981, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1983, 224, 728-731; Eur. J. Biochem., 1982, 129, 1-5; J. Biol. Chem., 1983, 258, 5329-5333; Pure Appl. Chem., 1983, 55, 721-726. A PDF (128 kB) of the printed version available.

Kem. Ind., 1989, 38(6), B1-B15. (in Croatian)
Compendium pages 252-255.
Nomenclature of prenols. Recommendations 1986, Eur. J. Biochem., 1987, 167, 181-184; J. Biol. Chem., 1988, 263, 601-604; Pure Appl. Chem., 1987, 59, 683-689. A PDF (118 kB) of the printed version available.

Miscellaneous

Compendium pages 256-264.
Nomenclature of phosphorus-containing compounds of biochemical importance (1976), Biochem. J., 1978, 171, 1-19; Eur. J. Biochem., 1977, 79, 1-9; Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem., 1977, 358, 599-616; Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, 1977, 74, 2222-2230. (Addenda: Comments on the nomenclature of phosphorus-containing compounds [Newsletter 1980]; Representative phospholipids involving diesterified phosphoric acid [Newsletter 1985].)

Chem. Listy, 1987, 81 715-748. (in Czech)
Mol. Biol. (Moscow), 1993, 27 461-474. (in Russian)
Compendium pages 266-268.
Nomenclature and symbols for folic acid and related compounds. Recommendations 1986, Eur. J. Biochem., 1987, 168, 251-253; J. Biol. Chem., 1987, 263, 605-607; Pure Appl. Chem., 1987, 59, 833-836. A PDF (98 kB) of the printed version available.

Compendium pages 269-271.
Nomenclature for vitamins B-6 and related compounds (1973), Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1974, 162, 1-5; Biochem. J., 1974, 137, 417-421; Biochemistry, 1974, 13, 1056-1058; Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1974, 354, 155-159; Eur. J. Biochem., 1973, 40, 325-327; Pure Appl. Chem., 1973, 33, 445-452. A PDF (211 kB) of the printed version is available.

Hrana Ishrana, 1975, 16, 135-142. (in Croatian)
Compendium pages 272-277.
Nomenclature of corrinoids (1973), Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1974, 161(2), iii-xi; Biochem. J., 1975, 147, 1-10; Biochemistry, 1974, 13, 1555-1560; Eur. J. Biochem., 1974, 45, 7-12; Pure Appl. Chem., 1976, 48, 495-502. A PDF (156 kB) of the printed version available.

Hrana Ishrana, 1977, 18, 565-581. (in Croatian)
Compendium pages 278-329.
The nomenclature of tetrapyrroles. Recommendations 1986, Eur. J. Biochem., 1988, 178, 277-328; Pure Appl. Chem., 1987, 59, 779-832. A PDF (1359 kB) of the printed version available.

Excerpts from the newsletters
See list at end.

Compendium page 331.
Parenthesis and square brackets in chemical formulae [Newsletter 1981].

Pre-albumin becomes transthyretin? [Newsletter 1981].

Compendium page 332.
What is a lectin? [Newsletter 1981].

Masses of moles [Newsletter 1981].

Compendium page 333.
Synthases and ligases [Newsletter 1984].

Glycated proteins [Newsletter 1984].

Interferon nomenclature [Newsletter 1984].

Compendium page 334.
Chitobiose [Newsletter 1988].

What is rDNA? [Newsletter 1988].

Designation of the two strands of DNA [Newsletter 1989].

The meaning of 'homology' and 'homologous' [Newsletter 1989].

Compendium page 335.
Ligands in biochemistry and inorganic chemistry [Newsletter 1992].

Numbering of steroid-side-chain atoms [Newsletter 1992].

Compendium pages 336-340.
Journals having published the documents of the successive nomenclature committees of the International Union of Biochemistry: CBN, JCBN and NC-IUB.

Compendium pages 341-343.
Other documents of biochemical interest.

Compendium pages 344-347.
Other documents of interest to authors and editors.


List of Newsletters

Newsletter 1980, Eur. J. Biochem., 1980, 104, 321-322; Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem., 1980, 361, I-IV.

Newsletter 1981, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1981, 206, 458-462; Eur. J. Biochem., 1981, 114, 1-4; Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem., 1981, 362, I-IV; J. Biol. Chem., 1981, 256, 12-14.

Newsletter 1982, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1982, 213, 734-736; Biochem. Internat., 1982, 4, following p 116; Eur. J. Biochem., 1982, 122, 437-438; Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem., 1982, 363, I-IV; Trends Biochem. Sci., 1982, 7, 10.

Newsletter 1983, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1983, 220, 321-324; Biochem. Internat., 1983, 6, following p 128; Biochem. J., 1983, 209, I-IV; Canad. J. Biochem. Cell Biol., 1983, 61, v-ix; Eur. J. Biochem., 1983, 131, 1-3; Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem., 1983, 364, I-IV; Trends Biochem. Sci., 1983, 8, various issues.

Newsletter 1984, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1984, 229, 237-245; Biochem. Internat., 1984, 8, following p 202; Biochem. J., 1984, 217, I-IV; Biosci. Rep., 1984, 4, 177-180; Chem. Internat., 1984(3), 24-25; Eur. J. Biochem., 1984, 138, 5-7; Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem., 1984, 365, I-IV; Trends Biochem. Sci., 1984, 9, various issues.

Newsletter 1985, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1985, 238, 688-692; Biochem. Internat., 1985, 10, following p 128; Biochem. J., 1985, 225, I-IV; Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler, 1985, 366, 3-7; Biosci. Rep., 1985, 5, 185-188; Chem. Internat., 1984(7), 7-9; Eur. J. Biochem., 1985, 146, 237-239; Trends Biochem. Sci., 1984, 9; 1985, 10, various issues.

Newsletter 1986, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1986, 244, 393-395; Biochem. Internat., 1986, 12, following p 180; Biochem. J., 1986, 233, I-III; Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler, 1986, 367, 1-4; Biosci. Rep., 1986, 6, 121-125; Chem. Internat., 1986, 8(4), 30-31; Eur. J. Biochem., 1986, 154, 485-487.

Newsletter 1988, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1988, 260, 851-854; Biochem. Internat., 1988, 16, following p 192; Bioch. J., 1988, 249, I-III; Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler, 1988, 369, 1-4; Eur. J. Biochem., 1987, 170, 7-9.

Newsletter 1989, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1989, 272, 262-266; Biochem. Internat., 1989, 20, 209-214; Bioch. J., 1989, 265, I-IV; Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler, 1989, 370, 1153-1156; Eur. J. Biochem., 1989, 183, 1-4.

Newsletter 1992, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1992, 294, 322-325; Biochem. Internat., 1992, 26, 567-575; Bioch. J., 1992, 282, I-III; Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler, 1992, 373, 1-4; Chem. Int., 1992, 14, 140-141; Eur. J. Biochem., 1992, 204, 1-3.


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